Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes
(Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Stomiidae
(Barbeled dragonfishes) > Malacosteinae
Etymology: Photostomias: Greek, photos = light + greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335); tantillux: Name from Latin 'tantillus' for ‘so little’ or ‘so small’ and 'lux' for ‘light’, referring to the small size of the light-producing postorbital of this species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 1138 - 3100 m (Ref. 86942). Deep-water; 33°N - 31°S
Pacific Ocean: tropical and subtropical; from off Skikoko, Japan, to the eastern South Pacific.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80463); 8.5 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species differs from its congeners in having the following set of characters: postorbital photophore (PO) small in males greater than 60 mm, 12.1- 20.0% upper jaw length (UJL) (vs. moderate to large, 21.0-46.6% UJL, in P. atrox, P. liemi, and P. lucingens; female PO small, 7.9-10.8% UJL (vs. moderate to large, 9.4-18.9% UJL, in all other species of Photostomias except P. guernei; accessory orbital (AO) small to moderate in males greater than 60 mm, 2.1-7.4% UJL (vs. small, 2.4-4.7% UJL, in P. lucingens); females maturing (ova > 0.2 mm) at approximately 70 mm (vs. 100 mm in P. atrox and P. liemi); three tooth patches at posterior end of the first, second, and third basibranchials (vs. 2 basibranchial tooth patches in P. guernei); total of dorsal- and anal-fin rays 48-52, rarely 53 (vs. 57-63, rarely 56, in P. goodyeari) (Ref. 80463).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kenaley, C.P., 2009. Revision of Indo-Pacific species of the loosejaw dragonfish genus Photostomias (Teleostei: Stomiidae: Malacosteinae). Copeia 2009(1):175-189. (Ref. 80463)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.2 - 3.4, mean 2.7 (based on 491 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00417 (0.00165 - 0.01051), b=3.11 (2.88 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .