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Phalloceros buckupi Lucinda, 2008

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Phalloceros buckupi
Male picture by Lucinda, P.H.F.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae (Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Phalloceros: Greek, phallos = penis + Greek, keras = horn (Ref. 45335);  buckupi: Named for Paulo A. Buckup (collector of most specimens of this species), in recognition of his many contributions to Neotropical ichthyology.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Rio Jacareí drainage and neighbouring, which flows into the Baía de Paranaguá in Paraná, Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 76852); 3.3 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 7-8; Anal soft rays: 9 - 10; Vertebrae: 32. Diagnosed from all other species of the genus except Phalloceros megapolos, Phalloceros spiloura, Phalloceros malabarbai, Phalloceros alessandrae, Phalloceros anisophallos, Phalloceros uai, Phalloceros lucenorum, Phalloceros pellos, and Phalloceros reisi by the female urogenital papilla curved to the right, located laterally (vs. slightly left turned and with a lateral ramus or straight located along midventral line); and border of the anal aperture in contact with the first anal-fin ray or very close to it (vs. separated from first anal-fin ray by the female urogenital papilla). Differs from Phalloceros spiloura by the absence of a caudal peduncle spot (vs. presence of caudal peduncle spot); from Phalloceros megapolos by the gonopodium appendix normally developed (vs. greatly expanded in wing like projections); from Phalloceros uai by the absence of a wide and square-shaped lateral spot in large specimens (vs. presence of such spot). Distinguished from Phalloceros alessandrae and Phalloceros malabarbai by halves of gonopodial paired appendix sickle like (vs. not sickle like); medial corner absent (vs. present); hook on left half of gonopodial paired appendix and right hook absent (vs. hook on both halves of gonopodial paired appendix); and left hook small, directed downward or up- and forward, and located closer to the base of gonopodial appendix (vs. hooks large downward directed and located in the corner of gonopodial appendix). Differs from Phalloceros anisophallos, Phalloceros lucenorum, Phalloceros pellos, and Phalloceros reisi by the halves of the gonopodium slender and similar to each other (vs. halves of the gonopodium wide and different from each other; right half wider than left one) (Ref. 76852).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Lucinda, P.H.F., 2008. Systematics and biogeography of the genus Phalloceros Eigenmann, 1907 (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae), with the description of twenty-one new species. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 6(2):113-158. (Ref. 76852)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00300 - 0.01594), b=3.13 (2.94 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .