Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae
(Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Phalloceros: Greek, phallos = penis + Greek, keras = horn (Ref. 45335); tupinamba: From the Tupi tupinamba, in reference to the indigenous tribe that inhabited the region in the Pre-Cabralian times.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Rio Itamambuca and rio Macacu drainages, small coastal drainages of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro States of Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 76852); 4.4 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9 - 11;
Vertebrae: 31 - 32. Distinguished easily from its congeners, except Phalloceros leptokeras and Phalloceros aspilos by the following characters: presence a lateral ramus of the female urogenital papilla, female urogenital papilla left turned; large sickle like hook on the gonopodial appendix located in its inner surface and close to its base; and absence of inconspicuous vertical bars along body sides. Differs from Phalloceros aspilos by having lateral spot and by the predorsal length of males 57.5-59.8 (vs. 54.8-56.3 % SL), and from Phalloceros leptokeras by the lateral spot normally pigmented, vertically elongated, and horizontally covering the length corresponding to one scale length and located on the 16th, 17th, 18th or 19th scale of longitudinal line (vs. densely pigmented, rectangle like, horizontally covering the length corresponding to two or three scales length located on the 14th or 15th (very rarely 16th) scale of longitudinal line (Ref. 76852).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lucinda, P.H.F., 2008. Systematics and biogeography of the genus Phalloceros Eigenmann, 1907 (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae), with the description of twenty-one new species. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 6(2):113-158. (Ref. 76852)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00300 - 0.01594), b=3.13 (2.94 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .