Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Rivulidae
Etymology: Pituna: Tupí, pituna = black; in Goias, Brazil. More on author: Costa.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: temporary swamps of the middle rio Araguaia basin in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57947); 2.8 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 14 - 16;
Vertebrae: 28 - 29. Can be distinguished from all its congeners by the following combination of characters: 25-29 scales in longitudinal series; pectoral fin with vertical rows of small dark gray spots or dark gray bars in males; frontal squamation F-patterned, anterior section of supraorbital series of neuromasts continuous; dark marks on flanks mainly longitudinally arranged in females; body depth 21.3-24.6% SL in males and 18.1-23.8% SL in females; caudal peduncle depth 15.5-17.1% SL in males and 14.7-15.7% SL in females; head depth 69.4-75.4% SL in males and 65.2-68.1% SL in females; and 4-5 bars or transverse rows of spots on pectoral fins in males (Ref. 57947).
Inhabits temporary swamps, usually in open areas of savanna vegetation (Ref. 57947).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Costa, W.J.E.M., 2007. Taxonomy of the plesiolebiasine killifish genera Pituna, Plesiolebias and Maratecoara (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae), with descriptions of nine new species. Zootaxa 1410:1-41. (Ref. 57947)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00415 - 0.02523), b=3.05 (2.83 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .