Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae
(Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Priapella: Taken from Priapus, the Greek, and Roman god of procreation in the mithology and also = a phallus; diminutive (Ref. 45335); chamulae: Named for the native population of the Chamula, who live in central Chiapas and on the Tabasco border, Mexico.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
North America: Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57748)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 10;
Vertebrae: 30 - 31. This species is a large sized species of Priapella (maximum length 4.8 cm SL). It is distinguished from its congeners by having the following characters: a membranous hook of the gonopodium ray 3 well developed and semicircularly bent (vs. slightly bent in P. bonita, P. compressa, P. intermedia and P. olmecae); subdistal plate-like membranous process on gonopodium ray 3 well developed (vs. not prominent in P. compressa and P. intermedia); spines of gonopodium ray 3 long and not numerous (vs. numerous and densely crowded in P. compressa and P. intermedia) and short and not densely crowed in P. olmecae); distal part of gonopodium ray 4p slightly bent (vs. strongly bent in P. bonita, P. compressa, P. intermedia and P. olmecae). This species is also distinguished by having a short gonopodium; frequency distribution of SL/GL radius 3.30-3.50 (vs. 2.60-2.75 in P. olmecae, 3.00-3.20 in P. compressa, 2.60 in P. bonita and 3.50-3.60 in P. intermedia; gill rakers 10-12 (vs. 15-16 in P. bonita, 120-13 in P. compressa, 12-14 in P. compressa; dorsal-fin rays 9 (vs. 8 in P. bonita, 10 in P. compressa (Ref. 57748).
Collected from a small brook, about 0.5 to 1 m wide, that flows into a tributary to the río Tacotalpa, close to a bridge, a few hundred meters on an unpaved road that branches off into northeasterly direction from the main road from Tapijulapa to Jamapa between the small settlements of Zunu y Patastal and Madrigal (Cuarta sección). At the time of collection, at late afternoon the water had a temperature of 26 °C, a conductivity of 360 mS, pH 8.0, and total hardness of 10-15. The water was crystal clear and fast flowing with no aquatic vegetation. The substratum consisted mainly of gravel and sand. The brook flows in a deep indentation and is fully shadowed by the vegetation. Associated poeciliid fishes were Pseudoxiphophorus bimaculatus, Gambusia sp., Heterophallus milleri, Poecilia mexicana and a characid, Astyanax mexicanus (Ref. 57748).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Schartl, M., M.K. Meyer and B. Wilde, 2006. Description of Priapella chamula sp. n. - a new poeciliid fish from the upper rio Grijalva system, Tabasco, Mexico (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae). Zoologische Abhandlung (Dresden) 55:59-67. (Ref. 57748)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00493 - 0.03690), b=3.05 (2.81 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .