Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae
(Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Phallotorynus: Greek, phallos = penis + Greek, otos = ear + Greek, rhinos = nose (Ref. 45335); dispilos: Specific name from the Greek, 'díz' meaning twice, doubly, two, and 'spílos' meaning spots, alluding to the color pattern; noun in apposition. More on authors: Lucinda, Rosa & Reis.
This species is synonym of Phallotorynus vistoriae Oliveros, 1983 following Meyer & Etzel (2006). The species page will be removed.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Rio Parana drainage in Paraguay.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56059); 2.5 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9 - 10;
Vertebrae: 32. Distinguished by the following autapomorphies: first proximal radial of dorsal fin of adult females located between arches neural of 14th and 15th vertebrae; wide and short trowel-like appendix of gonopodium at tip of R3; lateral border of left and right halves of trowel-like appendix of gonopodium concave; left and right halves of trowel-like appendix separated along approximately five-sixths of its whole extension; two round to elliptical dark blotches along ventral half of flanks; and presence of sexually dimorphic teeth (males teeth pointed with acute border; females teeth truncate, their superior border straight or slightly oblique. Further differs from its congeners by pleural ribs not associated with haemal arches in females; anal-fin proximal radials parallel in females. In addition, the number of epipleural ribs distinguishes Phallotorynus dispilos from P. jucundus and P. victoriae (13-14 vs. 11-12, respectively) (Ref. 56059).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lucinda, P.H.F., R.S. Rosa and R.E. Reis, 2005. Systematics and biogeography of the genus Phallotorynus Henn, 1916 (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae), with description of three new species. Copeia 2005(3):609-631. (Ref. 56059)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00493 - 0.03690), b=3.05 (2.81 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .