Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Labrisomidae
Etymology: Paraclinus: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, klinein, kline = sloping and bed, due to the four apophyses of sphenoid bone (Ref. 45335); spectator: From its habit of observing divers and its surroundings.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 7 m (Ref. 43114). Tropical
Southwest Atlantic: Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 43114)
(total): 27 - 29;
soft rays: 18 - 20;
Vertebrae: 34. Body elongated, mean body depth 21.7% SL in adult males. Wide predorsal area, mean 22.6% SL in adult males. First 2 dorsal fin spines much longer than the rest; distance between 3rd and 4th spine greater than orbit diameter; last dorsal fin element segmented. Opercular spine flattened and triangular (Ref. 43114).
Prefers shallow rocky reefs. Smallest ripe female at 3.7 cm SL (Ref. 43114).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Guimarães, R.Z.P. and A.C.L.H. de Bacellar, 2002. Review of the Brazilian species of Paraclinus (Teleostei: Labrisomidae), with descriptions of two new species and revalidation of Paraclinus rubicundus (Starks). Copeia 2002(2):419-427. (Ref. 43114)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22.5 - 27.7, mean 26.7 (based on 94 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00414 - 0.02201), b=3.04 (2.84 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .