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Paretroplus tsimoly Stiassny, Chakrabarty & Loiselle, 2001

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Paretroplus tsimoly
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Etroplinae
Etymology: Paretroplus: Name from the Greek 'para' meaning 'on the side of'; in taxonomy it is commonly used in generic names to express similarity or relatedness; in the present case it would mean 'next to Etroplus' (S.Kullander, pers.comm. 3/11).;  tsimoly: Tsimoly, pronounced in English as tsee-MOOL, is the name of this fish in the Sakalava dialect spoken by the people of the Akalimilotrabe region; it is to be treated as a noun in apposition (Ref. 78623).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 2 m (Ref. 40691).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Betsiboka River basin in Madagascar (Ref. 78623).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40691); 14.0 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 15 - 17; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-14; Anal spines: 7-8; Anal soft rays: 11 - 12; Vertebrae: 31 - 32. Diagnosis: Paretroplus tsimoly is distinguished from all congerners in life and preservation by the possession of markedly enlarged, lobed bluish-gray to bluish-black (in life) or dark bluish-gray (in preservation) lips in adults; in addition, P. tsimoly, is distinguished from all congeners except P. lamenabe and P. nourissati by the presence of two wide, dark brown to black midlateral bands that converge below the lateral midline, representing the second and third, or third and fourth, bars in series (Ref. 78623). Paretroplus tsimoly is further distinguished from both P. lamenabe and P. nourissati by a lateral pigmentation pattern in which the posteriormost five, or four, as the bar on the caudal peduncle is sometimes pale, bars on the flank are about equally prominent, vs. only central two bars strongly pigmented and prominent in P. lamenabe and P. nourissati (Ref. 78623).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in flowing water with isolated pools; rocky bottom interspersed with patches of cobble and coarse gravel (Ref. 40691). A biparental substratum-spawner that practices long-term care of its fry; breeding pairs guarding fry (Ref. 40691). Stomach contents were mainly crushed insects, most of which appear to be nymphal odonates and hemipterans, and significant amounts of fibrous plant material (Ref. 40691).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Sparks, J.S., 2008. Phylogeny of the cichlid subfamily Etroplinae and taxonomic revision of the Malagasy cichlid genus Paretroplus (Teleostei: Cichlidae). Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 314:1-151. (Ref. 78623)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)

  Endangered (EN) (B1ab(iii,v)); Date assessed: 02 July 2016

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries:
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.32 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.