Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Stephanoberyciformes
(Pricklefishes, bigscales and gibberfishes) > Melamphaidae
(Bigscale fishes or ridgeheads)
Etymology: Poromitra: Greek, poros = porous + Greek, mitra = stripe, belt (Ref. 45335). More on author: Lütken.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 150 - 1000 m (Ref. 36655). Deep-water
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 5 - 6.2 cm
Max length : 6.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5951)
(total): 2 - 3;
soft rays: 9 - 10;
Vertebrae: 27 - 30. Branchiostegal rays: 8 (Ref. 36655). Large eye, measures more than 20% of head length. Body slender and angular. Scales on body and operculum mostly missing. Pelvic fin long, extends almost to anal fin origin. Gal bladder well developed (Ref. 37108).
Mesopelagic species, adults trawled at depths below 400 m, juveniles below 150 meters. There is significant morphological variation between Indo-Pacific and other populations. Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 36655).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ebeling, A.W., 1986. Melamphaidae. p. 427-432. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4241)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.3 - 11.5, mean 7 (based on 293 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00406 - 0.02581), b=3.04 (2.82 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .