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Pentaceros wheeleri (Hardy, 1983)

Slender armorhead
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Pentaceros wheeleri   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pentaceros wheeleri
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Pentacerotidae (Armorheads) > Pentacerotinae
Etymology: Pentaceros: Greek, pente = five + Greek, keras = horn (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 146 - 800 m (Ref. 56527), usually 400 - 600 m (Ref. 56527).   Temperate; 59°N - 29°N, 135°E - 125°W (Ref. 57888)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North Pacific: Gulf of Alaska to North Pacific Ocean off central California and south of Japan, with center of abundance at the seamounts of the southern Emperor-northern Hawaiian Ridge.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 28.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 44.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56527); common length : 29.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56527); max. published weight: 1.2 kg (Ref. 56527); max. reported age: 11 years (Ref. 56527)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Juveniles epipelagic, adults benthopelagic (Ref. 58302).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Observations based on the lack of occurrence of individuals older than 3 years in the seamounts may suggest that P. wheeleri may spawn in only one or two seasons and die afterwards (Ref. 57888).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Hardy, G.S., 1983. A revision of the fishes of the family Pentacerotidae (Perciformes). N.Z. J. Zool. 10:177-220. (Ref. 7448)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.5 - 11.5, mean 7.8 (based on 14 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5157   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tm = 6-7).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (65 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.