Morphology Data of Petrocephalus grandoculis
Identification keys
Abnormalities
Main Ref. Lavoué, S., J.P. Sullivan and M.E. Arnegard, 2010
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors
Remarks

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales cycloid scales
Diagnosis

Petrocephalus grandoculis is distinguished from all other Petrocephalus species in Central Africa by the following combination of characteristics: very small mouth (mouth width 5,2-6,1 times in head length), 8-11 teeth in the upper jaw, lower jaw with 18-22 teeth, eye large (eye diameter 2,8-3,2 times in head length), snout short, dorsal fin with 24-26 branched rays, anal fin with 30-33 branched rays (Ref. 85331). Pigmentation pattern consists of two melanin markings (black patches): (1) a distinct, although generally weak, round black mark on each side of the body below the anterior base of the dorsal fin (first to fifth rays); and (2) a crescent-like mark at the base of the caudal fin on each side, not extending onto the rayed portions of the upper and lower caudal fin lobes (Ref. 85331).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Petrocephalus grandoculis

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 37 - 39
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle 12 - 12
Barbels
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total
Vertebrae
preanal
total

Fins

Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes
Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Ventral  
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin

Attributes

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Spines     
Soft-rays   
Pelvics Attributes  
Position    
Spines     
Soft-rays   
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Boden, Gert
Modified by Bailly, Nicolas
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