Morphology Data of Parotocinclus arandai
Identification keys
Main Ref. Sarmento-Soares, L.M., P. Lehmann A. and R.F. Martins-Pinheiro, 2009
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

The lack of triangular patch of dark pigmentation at the anterior dorsal-fin base separates this species from all congeners (except Parotocinclus collinsae) of the Guyana Shield, Amazonas and Orinoco basin. Can be distinguished from Parotocinclus collinsae by the absence of the accessory teeth on the premaxilla and dentary. Diagnosed from all congeners of the Atlantic coastal basins of southeastern and eastern Brazil by having the branched rays and interradial membranes of the pectoral and pelvic fins unpigmented in ventral view; the rostral plate not exposed ventrally (except Parotocinclus bahiensis, Parotocinclus spilurus and Parotocinclus prata). Differs from most species of Parotocinclus, except Parotocinclus cristatus and Parotocinclus cesarpintoi, by having a tuft of hypertrophied odontodes on the supraoccipital and extensively naked abdomen in adults, with a mosaic of few rounded platelets of irregular size and distributed over the pre-anal region (except Parotocinclus bahiensis, Parotocinclus minutus, Parotocinclus spilosoma, Parotocinclus cearensis, Parotocinclus cesarpintoi, and Parotocinclus prata). Additional characters useful the identification include: pectoral girdle exposed medial and laterally; plates between anal and caudal fins 10; body depth 16.1-18.6% SL; orbital diameter 14.8-19.3% HL; all paired

ribs associated with connective tissues of vertebrae; and abdominal lateral plates 2-4 (Ref. 81204).

Description: Vertebrae 22, not including those into the Weberian complex (Ref, 81204).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Parotocinclus arandai

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total 22 - 22


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 1 - 1
Soft-rays total 7 - 7
Adipose fin present

Caudal fin

Attributes forked

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total 6 - 6

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Spines     1
Soft-rays   6 - 6
Pelvics Attributes  
Soft-rays   6 - 6
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Torres, Armi G.
Comments & Corrections
Sign our Guest Book
Back to Search
cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17