Morphology Data of Parakysis hystriculus
Identification keys
Main Ref. Ng, H.H., 2009
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Parakysis hystriculus is distinguished from other members of the genus in having a combination of: branched pelvic-fin rays with anterior branch always shorter than posterior branch (vs. almost same length in congeners), lateral edges of head evenly sloping in dorsal view (vs. gently curving in congeners), anteriormost pair of accessory inner mandibular barbels longer than (vs. equal to or shorter than in congeners) distance separating bases of left and right barbel, outer mandibular barbel with one accessory barbel (vs. absent in P. anomalopteryx), mandibular laterosensory pore between bases of inner and outer mandibular barbels present (vs. absent in P. anomalopteryx), margin of lower lip with medial concavity (vs. entire in P. anomalopteryx), anal fin rounded (vs. polygonal or rectangular in P. grandis), caudal fin with narrow lobes having evenly-tapering posteromedial margins (vs. broad lobes with curved posteromedial margins in P. grandis and P. longirostris) and 10 (vs. 11 in P. verrucosus) branched rays without secondary branches (vs. with secondary

branching in P. grandis) (Ref. 80319).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Parakysis hystriculus

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Busson, Frédéric
Modified by Busson, Frédéric
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