Other identification tools | FishBase

Fish Identification: Find Species


Family: Monacanthidae Filefishes



(See list of species below)



Select Class:     Select Order:   
Select Family: Subfamily:     Select Genus:

Select Ocean (marine/brackish) or Continent (freshwater):
Select a country:
Only include species occuring above: m

Total number of spines in dorsal and anal fins (optional).      Enter total length (TL) and maximum body depth (BD)

Show family drawings / Hide family drawings



107 species
(see list below)
Export file

1 of 1 Jump to:

Photo by Good, P.

Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 55 cm TL
Acanthaluteres brownii (Richardson, 1846)

Photo by Good, P.
 
Acanthaluteres brownii
[Spiny-tailed leatherjacket]

Photo by Yau, B.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 14 cm TL
Acanthaluteres spilomelanurus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)

Photo by Yau, B.
 
Acanthaluteres spilomelanurus
[Bridled leatherjacket]

Photo by CSIRO

Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 35 cm TL
Acanthaluteres vittiger (Castelnau, 1873)

Photo by CSIRO
 
Acanthaluteres vittiger
[Toothbrush leatherjacket]
No picture found
Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 7 cm SL

 
Acreichthys hajam
[]

Photo by Greenfield, J.

Western Pacific
Max. Length 7 cm TL
Acreichthys radiatus (Popta, 1900)

Photo by Greenfield, J.
 
Acreichthys radiatus
[Radial leatherjacket]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 14 cm SL
Acreichthys tomentosus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Acreichthys tomentosus
[Bristle-tail file-fish]

Photo by Flescher, D.

Western Atlantic
Max. Length 45 cm TL
Aluterus heudelotii Hollard, 1855

Photo by Flescher, D.
 
Aluterus heudelotii
[Dotterel filefish]

Photo by Flescher, D.

Circumtropical. Western
Max. Length 76.2 cm TL
Aluterus monoceros (Linnaeus, 1758)

Photo by Flescher, D.
 
Aluterus monoceros
[Unicorn leatherjacket filefish]

Photo by Johnson, L.

Western Atlantic
Max. Length 61 cm TL
Aluterus schoepfii (Walbaum, 1792)

Photo by Johnson, L.
 
Aluterus schoepfii
[Orange filefish]

Photo by Wirtz, P.

Circumtropical. Western
Max. Length 110 cm TL
Aluterus scriptus (Osbeck, 1765)

Photo by Wirtz, P.
 
Aluterus scriptus
[Scribbled leatherjacket filefish]

Photo by De Vroe, J.

Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Amanses scopas (Cuvier, 1829)

Photo by De Vroe, J.
 
Amanses scopas
[Broom filefish]

Photo by Marine Conservation Cambodia (MCC)

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 35 cm TL
Anacanthus barbatus Gray, 1830

Photo by Marine Conservation Cambodia (MCC)
 
Anacanthus barbatus
[Bearded leatherjacket]

Photo by CSIRO

Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 22 cm TL
Arotrolepis filicauda (Günther, 1880)

Photo by CSIRO
 
Arotrolepis filicauda
[Threadfin leatherjacket]
No picture found
Western Indian Ocea

 
Brachaluteres fahaqa
[]

Photo by Rodrigues, N.V.

Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 10 cm TL
Brachaluteres jacksonianus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)

Photo by Rodrigues, N.V.
 
Brachaluteres jacksonianus
[Pigmy leatherjacket]

Photo by Ryanskiy, A.

Western Pacific
Max. Length 5 cm SL
Brachaluteres taylori Woods, 1966

Photo by Ryanskiy, A.
 
Brachaluteres taylori
[Taylor's inflator filefish]

Photo by Petrinos, C.

Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 7.5 cm SL
Brachaluteres ulvarum Jordan & Fowler, 1902

Photo by Petrinos, C.
 
Brachaluteres ulvarum
[Japanese inflator filefish]

Photo by Ryanskiy, A.

Western Pacific
Max. Length 12 cm TL
Cantherhines cerinus Randall, 2011

Photo by Ryanskiy, A.
 
Cantherhines cerinus
[Waxy filefish]

Photo by Robertson, R.

Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 38 cm TL
Cantherhines dumerilii (Hollard, 1854)

Photo by Robertson, R.
 
Cantherhines dumerilii
[Whitespotted filefish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 25 cm TL
Cantherhines fronticinctus (Günther, 1867)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Cantherhines fronticinctus
[Spectacled filefish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Eastern Central Pacific
Max. Length 13.2 cm SL
Cantherhines longicaudus Hutchins & Randall, 1982

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Cantherhines longicaudus
[]

Photo by Patzner, R.

Western Atlantic
Max. Length 46 cm TL
Cantherhines macrocerus (Hollard, 1853)

Photo by Patzner, R.
 
Cantherhines macrocerus
[American whitespotted filefish]

Photo by Williams, J.T.

Indo-Pacific (Ref. 88148)

Cantherhines nukuhiva Randall, 2011

Photo by Williams, J.T.
 
Cantherhines nukuhiva
[]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 25 cm TL
Cantherhines pardalis (Rüppell, 1837)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Cantherhines pardalis
[Honeycomb filefish]

Photo by Wirtz, P.

Western Atlantic
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Cantherhines pullus (Ranzani, 1842)

Photo by Wirtz, P.
 
Cantherhines pullus
[Orangespotted filefish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Southeast Pacific
Max. Length 20 cm NG
Cantherhines rapanui (de Buen, 1963)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Cantherhines rapanui
[Rapanui filefish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Eastern Central Pacific
Max. Length 19.3 cm TL
Cantherhines sandwichiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Cantherhines sandwichiensis
[Sandwich isle file]
No picture found
Southeast Pacific
Max. Length 13.4 cm SL

 
Cantherhines tiki
[]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Eastern Central Pacific
Max. Length 12.5 cm TL
Cantherhines verecundus Jordan, 1925

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Cantherhines verecundus
[Shy filefish]

Photo by FAO

Western Pacific
Max. Length 26 cm TL
Cantheschenia grandisquamis Hutchins, 1977

Photo by FAO
 
Cantheschenia grandisquamis
[Large-scaled leatherjacket]
No picture found
Southwest Pacific
Max. Length 14.5 cm SL

 
Cantheschenia longipinnis
[]

Photo by Good, P.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 31 cm TL
Chaetodermis penicilligerus (Cuvier, 1816)

Photo by Good, P.
 
Chaetodermis penicilligerus
[Prickly leatherjacket]

Photo by FAO

Eastern Indian Ocean to W
Max. Length 12 cm SL
Colurodontis paxmani Hutchins, 1977

Photo by FAO
 
Colurodontis paxmani
[]

Photo by Winterbottom, R.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 3.6 cm SL
Enigmacanthus filamentosus Hutchins, 2002

Photo by Winterbottom, R.
 
Enigmacanthus filamentosus
[]

Photo by CSIRO

Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 50 cm TL
Eubalichthys bucephalus (Whitley, 1931)

Photo by CSIRO
 
Eubalichthys bucephalus
[Black reef leatherjacket]

Photo by CSIRO

Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 38 cm TL
Eubalichthys caeruleoguttatus Hutchins, 1977

Photo by CSIRO
 
Eubalichthys caeruleoguttatus
[Blue-spotted leatherjacket]
No picture found
Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 42 cm TL

 
Eubalichthys cyanoura
[Bluetail leatherjacket]
No picture found
Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 60 cm TL

 
Eubalichthys gunnii
[Gunn's leatherjacket]

Photo by Maddern, M.

Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 60 cm TL
Eubalichthys mosaicus (Ramsay & Ogilby, 1886)

Photo by Maddern, M.
 
Eubalichthys mosaicus
[Mosaic leatherjacket]

Photo by CSIRO

Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 40 cm TL
Eubalichthys quadrispinis Hutchins, 1977

Photo by CSIRO
 
Eubalichthys quadrispinis
[Four-spined leatherjacket]

Photo by Ganapathiraju, P.

Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 7.2 cm SL
Lalmohania velutina Hutchins, 1994

Photo by Ganapathiraju, P.
 
Lalmohania velutina
[]

Photo by CSIRO

Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 30 cm TL
Meuschenia australis (Donovan, 1824)

Photo by CSIRO
 
Meuschenia australis
[Southern leatherjacket]

Photo by CSIRO

Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 30 cm TL
Meuschenia flavolineata Hutchins, 1977

Photo by CSIRO
 
Meuschenia flavolineata
[Yellow-striped leatherjacket]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 60 cm TL
Meuschenia freycineti (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Meuschenia freycineti
[Six-spined leatherjacket]

Photo by CSIRO

Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 34 cm TL
Meuschenia galii (Waite, 1905)

Photo by CSIRO
 
Meuschenia galii
[Blue-lined leatherjacket]

Photo by Maddern, M.

Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 51 cm TL
Meuschenia hippocrepis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)

Photo by Maddern, M.
 
Meuschenia hippocrepis
[Horse-shoe leatherjacket]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 31 cm TL
Meuschenia scaber (Forster, 1801)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Meuschenia scaber
[Velvet leatherjacket]

Photo by Banks, I.

Southwest Pacific
Max. Length 40 cm TL
Meuschenia trachylepis (Günther, 1870)

Photo by Banks, I.
 
Meuschenia trachylepis
[]
No picture found
Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 21 cm TL

 
Meuschenia venusta
[Stars and stripes leatherjacket]

Photo by Maddern, M.

Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 38 cm TL
Monacanthus chinensis (Osbeck, 1765)

Photo by Maddern, M.
 
Monacanthus chinensis
[Fan-bellied leatherjacket]

Photo by NOAA\NMFS\Mississippi Laboratory

Western Atlantic
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Monacanthus ciliatus (Mitchill, 1818)

Photo by NOAA\NMFS\Mississippi Laboratory
 
Monacanthus ciliatus
[Fringed filefish]

Photo by Minguell, C.

Western Atlantic
Max. Length 10 cm TL
Monacanthus tuckeri Bean, 1906

Photo by Minguell, C.
 
Monacanthus tuckeri
[Slender filefish]

Photo by FAO

Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 100 cm TL
Nelusetta ayraud (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)

Photo by FAO
 
Nelusetta ayraud
[Chinaman-leatherjacket]

Photo by Field, R.

Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 7 cm TL
Oxymonacanthus halli Marshall, 1952

Photo by Field, R.
 
Oxymonacanthus halli
[Red Sea longnose filefish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 12 cm TL
Oxymonacanthus longirostris (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Oxymonacanthus longirostris
[Harlequin filefish]

Photo by Field, R.

Indian Ocean.

Paraluteres arqat Clark & Gohar, 1953

Photo by Field, R.
 
Paraluteres arqat
[]

Photo by Malaer, P.

Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 11 cm TL
Paraluteres prionurus (Bleeker, 1851)

Photo by Malaer, P.
 
Paraluteres prionurus
[False puffer]
No picture found
Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 6.7 cm SL

 
Paramonacanthus arabicus
[Gulf filefish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Western Pacific
Max. Length 11 cm SL
Paramonacanthus choirocephalus (Bleeker, 1851)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Paramonacanthus choirocephalus
[Pig faced leather jacket]
No picture found
Western Pacific
Max. Length 7 cm SL

 
Paramonacanthus cryptodon
[]

Photo by Ryanskiy, A.

Eastern Indian Ocean and
Max. Length 11.3 cm SL
Paramonacanthus curtorhynchos (Bleeker, 1855)

Photo by Ryanskiy, A.
 
Paramonacanthus curtorhynchos
[Shortsnout filefish]

Photo by A. Biju Kumar

Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 8.7 cm SL
Paramonacanthus frenatus (Peters, 1855)

Photo by A. Biju Kumar
 
Paramonacanthus frenatus
[Wedgetail filefish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 12 cm SL
Paramonacanthus japonicus (Tilesius, 1809)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Paramonacanthus japonicus
[Hairfinned leatherjacket]

Photo by FAO

Southwest Pacific
Max. Length 13.9 cm SL
Paramonacanthus lowei Hutchins, 1997

Photo by FAO
 
Paramonacanthus lowei
[Lowe's leatherjacket]
No picture found
Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 10.6 cm SL

 
Paramonacanthus matsuurai
[]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 8.5 cm SL
Paramonacanthus nematophorus (Günther, 1870)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Paramonacanthus nematophorus
[]

Photo by FAO

Western Pacific
Max. Length 15 cm SL
Paramonacanthus nipponensis (Kamohara, 1939)

Photo by FAO
 
Paramonacanthus nipponensis
[Japanese leatherjacket]
No picture found
Indo-Pacific.
Max. Length 7.8 cm

 
Paramonacanthus oblongus
[Hair-finned filefish]

Photo by FAO

Southwest Pacific
Max. Length 11 cm SL
Paramonacanthus otisensis Whitley, 1931

Photo by FAO
 
Paramonacanthus otisensis
[Dusky leatherjacket]

Photo by Khalaf, M.A.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 14.6 cm SL
Paramonacanthus pusillus (Rüppell, 1829)

Photo by Khalaf, M.A.
 
Paramonacanthus pusillus
[Faintstripe filefish]

Photo by The Fish Database of Taiwan

Western Pacific
Max. Length 20 cm SL
Paramonacanthus sulcatus (Hollard, 1854)

Photo by The Fish Database of Taiwan
 
Paramonacanthus sulcatus
[Mudbank filefish]

Photo by MNHN

Indian Ocean
Max. Length 10 cm SL
Paramonacanthus tricuspis (Hollard, 1854)

Photo by MNHN
 
Paramonacanthus tricuspis
[Estuary filefish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Western Pacific
Max. Length 16 cm TL
Pervagor alternans (Ogilby, 1899)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pervagor alternans
[Yelloweye filefish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 13 cm TL
Pervagor aspricaudus (Hollard, 1854)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pervagor aspricaudus
[Orangetail filefish]

Photo by Bailly, N.

Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 13 cm SL
Pervagor janthinosoma (Bleeker, 1854)

Photo by Bailly, N.
 
Pervagor janthinosoma
[Blackbar filefish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Eastern Central Pacific
Max. Length 6.2 cm SL
Pervagor marginalis Hutchins, 1986

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pervagor marginalis
[]

Photo by Adams, M.J.

Indo-West Pacific.
Max. Length 16 cm TL
Pervagor melanocephalus (Bleeker, 1853)

Photo by Adams, M.J.
 
Pervagor melanocephalus
[Redtail filefish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Western Pacific
Max. Length 10 cm TL
Pervagor nigrolineatus (Herre, 1927)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pervagor nigrolineatus
[Blacklined filefish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 6.7 cm SL
Pervagor randalli Hutchins, 1986

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pervagor randalli
[]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Eastern Pacific
Max. Length 18 cm TL
Pervagor spilosoma (Lay & Bennett, 1839)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Pervagor spilosoma
[Fantail filefish]

Photo by Dubosc, J.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 19 cm TL
Pseudalutarius nasicornis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1850)

Photo by Dubosc, J.
 
Pseudalutarius nasicornis
[Rhinoceros leatherjacket]

Photo by CSIRO

Indo-West Pacific.
Max. Length 25 cm SL
Pseudomonacanthus elongatus Fraser-Brunner, 1940

Photo by CSIRO
 
Pseudomonacanthus elongatus
[Fourband leatherjacket]

Photo by Malaer, P.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 18 cm SL
Pseudomonacanthus macrurus (Bleeker, 1856)

Photo by Malaer, P.
 
Pseudomonacanthus macrurus
[Strap-weed file-fish]

Photo by Banks, I.

Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 35 cm SL
Pseudomonacanthus peroni (Hollard, 1854)

Photo by Banks, I.
 
Pseudomonacanthus peroni
[Pot-bellied leatherjacket]

Photo by Stender, K.

Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 7.5 cm TL
Rudarius ercodes Jordan & Fowler, 1902

Photo by Stender, K.
 
Rudarius ercodes
[Whitespotted pygmy filefish]

Photo by Marine Conservation Cambodia (MCC)

Western Pacific
Max. Length 2.5 cm TL
Rudarius excelsus Hutchins, 1977

Photo by Marine Conservation Cambodia (MCC)
 
Rudarius excelsus
[Diamond leatherjacket]

Photo by Neussner, O.

Western Pacific
Max. Length 5 cm SL
Rudarius minutus Tyler, 1970

Photo by Neussner, O.
 
Rudarius minutus
[Minute leatherjacket]

Photo by Good, P.

Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 30 cm TL
Scobinichthys granulatus (White, 1790)

Photo by Good, P.
 
Scobinichthys granulatus
[Rough leatherjackets]

Photo by FAO

Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 28 cm TL
Stephanolepis auratus (Castelnau, 1861)

Photo by FAO
 
Stephanolepis auratus
[Porky]

Photo by To, W.-L.

Western Pacific
Max. Length 30 cm TL
Stephanolepis cirrhifer (Temminck & Schlegel, 1850)

Photo by To, W.-L.
 
Stephanolepis cirrhifer
[Threadsail filefish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 25 cm TL
Stephanolepis diaspros Fraser-Brunner, 1940

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Stephanolepis diaspros
[Reticulated leatherjacket]

Photo by Carvalho Filho, A.

Western Atlantic
Max. Length 27.5 cm TL
Stephanolepis hispidus (Linnaeus, 1766)

Photo by Carvalho Filho, A.
 
Stephanolepis hispidus
[Planehead filefish]

Photo by Duarte, L.O.

Western Atlantic
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Stephanolepis setifer (Bennett, 1831)

Photo by Duarte, L.O.
 
Stephanolepis setifer
[Pygmy filefish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Southwest Pacific
Max. Length 19.3 cm SL
Thamnaconus analis (Waite, 1904)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Thamnaconus analis
[]

Photo by SFSA

Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 23 cm TL
Thamnaconus arenaceus (Barnard, 1927)

Photo by SFSA
 
Thamnaconus arenaceus
[Sandy filefish]

Photo by CSIRO

Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 28 cm TL
Thamnaconus degeni (Regan, 1903)

Photo by CSIRO
 
Thamnaconus degeni
[Degen's leatherjacket]

Photo by SFSA

Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 22 cm TL
Thamnaconus fajardoi Smith, 1953

Photo by SFSA
 
Thamnaconus fajardoi
[Spotted filefish]
No picture found
Western Pacific
Max. Length 15.3 cm SL

 
Thamnaconus fijiensis
[]

Photo by CSIRO

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 17.8 cm SL
Thamnaconus hypargyreus (Cope, 1871)

Photo by CSIRO
 
Thamnaconus hypargyreus
[Lesser-spotted leatherjacket]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Thamnaconus melanoproctes (Boulenger, 1889)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Thamnaconus melanoproctes
[Blackvent filefish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Indo-West Pacific and Sou
Max. Length 32 cm TL
Thamnaconus modestoides (Barnard, 1927)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Thamnaconus modestoides
[Modest filefish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 36 cm TL
Thamnaconus modestus (Günther, 1877)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Thamnaconus modestus
[]

Photo by Fisheries Research Institute, Taiwan

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 26 cm SL
Thamnaconus multilineatus (Tanaka, 1918)

Photo by Fisheries Research Institute, Taiwan
 
Thamnaconus multilineatus
[]
No picture found
Southeast Pacific
Max. Length 30 cm NG

 
Thamnaconus paschalis
[Easter filefish]

Photo by Shao, K.T.

Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 23 cm SL
Thamnaconus septentrionalis (Günther, 1874)

Photo by Shao, K.T.
 
Thamnaconus septentrionalis
[]

Photo by CSIRO

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 21 cm TL
Thamnaconus striatus (Kotthaus, 1979)

Photo by CSIRO
 
Thamnaconus striatus
[Many-lined leatherjacket]

Photo by CSIRO

Western Pacific
Max. Length 22 cm SL
Thamnaconus tessellatus (Günther, 1880)

Photo by CSIRO
 
Thamnaconus tessellatus
[]



107 species

Sort by: Species Length Year
1 of 1 Jump to:
Export file
Scientific Name English Name Distribution Max. Length (cm) Year
Acanthaluteres brownii Spiny-tailed leatherjacket Eastern Indian Ocean 55 TL 1846
Acanthaluteres spilomelanurus Bridled leatherjacket Indo-West Pacific 14 TL 1824
Acanthaluteres vittiger Toothbrush leatherjacket Eastern Indian Ocean 35 TL 1873
Acreichthys hajam Indo-West Pacific 7 SL 1851
Acreichthys radiatus Radial leatherjacket Western Pacific 7 TL 1900
Acreichthys tomentosus Bristle-tail file-fish Indo-West Pacific 14 SL 1758
Aluterus heudelotii Dotterel filefish Western Atlantic 45 TL 1855
Aluterus monoceros Unicorn leatherjacket filefish Circumtropical. Western 76.2 TL 1758
Aluterus schoepfii Orange filefish Western Atlantic 61 TL 1792
Aluterus scriptus Scribbled leatherjacket filefish Circumtropical. Western 110 TL 1765
Amanses scopas Broom filefish Indo-Pacific 20 TL 1829
Anacanthus barbatus Bearded leatherjacket Indo-West Pacific 35 TL 1830
Arotrolepis filicauda Threadfin leatherjacket Western Central Pacific 22 TL 1880
Brachaluteres fahaqa Western Indian Ocea 1953
Brachaluteres jacksonianus Pigmy leatherjacket Eastern Indian Ocean 10 TL 1824
Brachaluteres taylori Taylor's inflator filefish Western Pacific 5 SL 1966
Brachaluteres ulvarum Japanese inflator filefish Northwest Pacific 7.5 SL 1902
Cantherhines cerinus Waxy filefish Western Pacific 12 TL 2011
Cantherhines dumerilii Whitespotted filefish Indo-Pacific 38 TL 1854
Cantherhines fronticinctus Spectacled filefish Indo-West Pacific 25 TL 1867
Cantherhines longicaudus Eastern Central Pacific 13.2 SL 1982
Cantherhines macrocerus American whitespotted filefish Western Atlantic 46 TL 1853
Cantherhines nukuhiva Indo-Pacific (Ref. 88148) 2011
Cantherhines pardalis Honeycomb filefish Indo-Pacific 25 TL 1837
Cantherhines pullus Orangespotted filefish Western Atlantic 20 TL 1842
Cantherhines rapanui Rapanui filefish Southeast Pacific 20 NG 1963
Cantherhines sandwichiensis Sandwich isle file Eastern Central Pacific 19.3 TL 1824
Cantherhines tiki Southeast Pacific 13.4 SL 1964
Cantherhines verecundus Shy filefish Eastern Central Pacific 12.5 TL 1925
Cantheschenia grandisquamis Large-scaled leatherjacket Western Pacific 26 TL 1977
Cantheschenia longipinnis Southwest Pacific 14.5 SL 1941
Chaetodermis penicilligerus Prickly leatherjacket Indo-West Pacific 31 TL 1816
Colurodontis paxmani Eastern Indian Ocean to W 12 SL 1977
Enigmacanthus filamentosus Indo-West Pacific 3.6 SL 2002
Eubalichthys bucephalus Black reef leatherjacket Eastern Indian Ocean 50 TL 1931
Eubalichthys caeruleoguttatus Blue-spotted leatherjacket Eastern Indian Ocean 38 TL 1977
Eubalichthys cyanoura Bluetail leatherjacket Eastern Indian Ocean 42 TL 1987
Eubalichthys gunnii Gunn's leatherjacket Eastern Indian Ocean 60 TL 1870
Eubalichthys mosaicus Mosaic leatherjacket Eastern Indian Ocean 60 TL 1886
Eubalichthys quadrispinis Four-spined leatherjacket Eastern Indian Ocean 40 TL 1977
Lalmohania velutina Western Indian Ocean 7.2 SL 1994
Meuschenia australis Southern leatherjacket Eastern Indian Ocean 30 TL 1824
Meuschenia flavolineata Yellow-striped leatherjacket Eastern Indian Ocean 30 TL 1977
Meuschenia freycineti Six-spined leatherjacket Eastern Indian Ocean 60 TL 1824
Meuschenia galii Blue-lined leatherjacket Eastern Indian Ocean 34 TL 1905
Meuschenia hippocrepis Horse-shoe leatherjacket Eastern Indian Ocean 51 TL 1824
Meuschenia scaber Velvet leatherjacket Indo-West Pacific 31 TL 1801
Meuschenia trachylepis Southwest Pacific 40 TL 1870
Meuschenia venusta Stars and stripes leatherjacket Indo-West Pacific 21 TL 1977
Monacanthus chinensis Fan-bellied leatherjacket Indo-Pacific 38 TL 1765
Monacanthus ciliatus Fringed filefish Western Atlantic 20 TL 1818
Monacanthus tuckeri Slender filefish Western Atlantic 10 TL 1906
Nelusetta ayraud Chinaman-leatherjacket Eastern Indian Ocean 100 TL 1824
Oxymonacanthus halli Red Sea longnose filefish Western Indian Ocean 7 TL 1952
Oxymonacanthus longirostris Harlequin filefish Indo-Pacific 12 TL 1801
Paraluteres arqat Indian Ocean. 1953
Paraluteres prionurus False puffer Indo-Pacific 11 TL 1851
Paramonacanthus arabicus Gulf filefish Western Indian Ocean 6.7 SL 1997
Paramonacanthus choirocephalus Pig faced leather jacket Western Pacific 11 SL 1851
Paramonacanthus cryptodon Western Pacific 7 SL 1855
Paramonacanthus curtorhynchos Shortsnout filefish Eastern Indian Ocean and 11.3 SL 1855
Paramonacanthus frenatus Wedgetail filefish Western Indian Ocean 8.7 SL 1855
Paramonacanthus japonicus Hairfinned leatherjacket Indo-West Pacific 12 SL 1809
Paramonacanthus lowei Lowe's leatherjacket Southwest Pacific 13.9 SL 1997
Paramonacanthus matsuurai Northwest Pacific 10.6 SL 1997
Paramonacanthus nematophorus Western Indian Ocean 8.5 SL 1870
Paramonacanthus nipponensis Japanese leatherjacket Western Pacific 15 SL 1939
Paramonacanthus oblongus Hair-finned filefish Indo-Pacific. 7.8 1850
Paramonacanthus otisensis Dusky leatherjacket Southwest Pacific 11 SL 1931
Paramonacanthus pusillus Faintstripe filefish Indo-West Pacific 14.6 SL 1829
Paramonacanthus sulcatus Mudbank filefish Western Pacific 20 SL 1854
Paramonacanthus tricuspis Estuary filefish Indian Ocean 10 SL 1854
Pervagor alternans Yelloweye filefish Western Pacific 16 TL 1899
Pervagor aspricaudus Orangetail filefish Indo-West Pacific 13 TL 1854
Pervagor janthinosoma Blackbar filefish Indo-Pacific 13 SL 1854
Pervagor marginalis Eastern Central Pacific 6.2 SL 1986
Pervagor melanocephalus Redtail filefish Indo-West Pacific. 16 TL 1853
Pervagor nigrolineatus Blacklined filefish Western Pacific 10 TL 1927
Pervagor randalli Western Indian Ocean 6.7 SL 1986
Pervagor spilosoma Fantail filefish Eastern Pacific 18 TL 1839
Pseudalutarius nasicornis Rhinoceros leatherjacket Indo-West Pacific 19 TL 1850
Pseudomonacanthus elongatus Fourband leatherjacket Indo-West Pacific. 25 SL 1940
Pseudomonacanthus macrurus Strap-weed file-fish Indo-West Pacific 18 SL 1856
Pseudomonacanthus peroni Pot-bellied leatherjacket Eastern Indian Ocean 35 SL 1854
Rudarius ercodes Whitespotted pygmy filefish Northwest Pacific 7.5 TL 1902
Rudarius excelsus Diamond leatherjacket Western Pacific 2.5 TL 1977
Rudarius minutus Minute leatherjacket Western Pacific 5 SL 1970
Scobinichthys granulatus Rough leatherjackets Eastern Indian Ocean 30 TL 1790
Stephanolepis auratus Porky Western Indian Ocean 28 TL 1861
Stephanolepis cirrhifer Threadsail filefish Western Pacific 30 TL 1850
Stephanolepis diaspros Reticulated leatherjacket Western Indian Ocean 25 TL 1940
Stephanolepis hispidus Planehead filefish Western Atlantic 27.5 TL 1766
Stephanolepis setifer Pygmy filefish Western Atlantic 20 TL 1831
Thamnaconus analis Southwest Pacific 19.3 SL 1904
Thamnaconus arenaceus Sandy filefish Western Indian Ocean 23 TL 1927
Thamnaconus degeni Degen's leatherjacket Eastern Indian Ocean 28 TL 1903
Thamnaconus fajardoi Spotted filefish Western Indian Ocean 22 TL 1953
Thamnaconus fijiensis Western Pacific 15.3 SL 1984
Thamnaconus hypargyreus Lesser-spotted leatherjacket Indo-West Pacific 17.8 SL 1871
Thamnaconus melanoproctes Blackvent filefish Western Indian Ocean 20 TL 1889
Thamnaconus modestoides Modest filefish Indo-West Pacific and Sou 32 TL 1927
Thamnaconus modestus Northwest Pacific 36 TL 1877
Thamnaconus multilineatus Indo-West Pacific 26 SL 1918
Thamnaconus paschalis Easter filefish Southeast Pacific 30 NG 1913
Thamnaconus septentrionalis Indo-Pacific 23 SL 1874
Thamnaconus striatus Many-lined leatherjacket Indo-West Pacific 21 TL 1979
Thamnaconus tessellatus Western Pacific 22 SL 1880



Other identification tools in FishBase


Quick Identification
Identification keys
Identification by morphometrics
Identification by pictures:
          If you already know the Family, go to Search FishBase, select Family and click on 'Identification by pictures' to display all available pictures in FishBase for the family.

          If you already know the Country, go to
Search FishBase, select Country and click on 'Identification by pictures' to display all available pictures in FishBase for the country.

          If you already know the Ecosystem, go to
Search FishBase, select Ecosystem and click on 'Identification by pictures' to display all available pictures in FishBase for the ecosystem.
cfm script by eagbayani, 30.11.04, ,  php script by cmilitante, 05/11/2010 ,  last modified by cmilitante, 14/03/2013