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Rhinoptera marginata (GeoffroySaint-Hilaire, 1817)

Lusitanian cownose ray
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Rhinoptera marginata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Rhinoptera marginata (Lusitanian cownose ray)
Rhinoptera marginata
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鳃亚纲 (鲨鱼与 鱼) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Myliobatidae (Eagle and manta rays) > Rhinopterinae
Etymology: Rhinoptera: Greek, rhinos = nose + Greek,pteron = fin, wing (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 底中水层性.   亞熱帶的; 38°N - 15°N, 18°W - 36°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: southern Spain to Senegal, including the Mediterranean.
東大西洋: 西班牙到塞內加爾南部, 包括地中海。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 200 cm WD 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 6678)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found in tropical to warm temperate coastal waters, but absent from islands of western Pacific. Often forming large groups swimming near the surface and quite destructive of commercial oyster and clam beds. Feeds on bottom-living mollusks, crustaceans and fishes. Seldom marketed. Ovoviviparous, gestation period up to one year with 2-6 embryos produced.

发现于热带到暖温带沿岸水域了, 但是西太平洋的岛没有出现。 时常形成游近表面的大的群而且对商业的牡蛎与蛤床相当具毁灭性。 吃底栖软件动物,甲壳动物和鱼类。 很少在市场上销售。 卵胎生的, 妊娠时期向上到一年用 2-6 ,胚胎生产。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449).東大西洋: 西班牙到塞內加爾南部, 包括地中海。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : McEachran, John | 合作者

McEachran, J.D. and B. Séret, 1990. Rhinopteridae. p. 71-72. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4441)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  临近濒危 (NT) ; Date assessed: 20 July 2006

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 17.1 - 21.7, mean 19.7 (based on 136 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.60 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  非常低的, 最小族群倍增时间超过14 年 (Fec=2).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (45 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.