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Plectorhinchus flavomaculatus (Cuvier, 1830)

Lemonfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Plectorhinchus flavomaculatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Plectorhinchus flavomaculatus (Lemonfish)
Plectorhinchus flavomaculatus
Picture by Patzner, R.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Haemulidae (Grunts) > Plectorhinchinae
Etymology: Plectorhinchus: Greek, plektos = plaited + Greek, rhyngchos = snout (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 2 - 25 m (Ref. 90102).   熱帶

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea south to Transkei, South Africa and east to Papua New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to western Australia and New South Wales (Ref. 9710).
印度-西太平洋: 紅海南至南非的川斯凱而且東至巴布亞新幾內亞, 北至日本南部, 南至澳洲西部與新南威爾斯.(參考文獻 9710)

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 34 - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 2799)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 12 - 13; 背的软条 (总数): 19-22; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 7. This species is distinguished by the following characters: chin with 6 pores, no median pit; gill rakers on first gill arch 11-14 + 1 + 16-19 = 26-34; D XII-XIII (mostly XIII),19-22, 4th or 5th spines longest; lips fleshy, moderately swollen with age; scales ctenoid (rough to touch); lateral line tubed scales about 53-60; body depth 2.5-2.8 in SL; caudal fin slightly rounded in juveniles becoming emarginate in adults. Colour of body bluish grey, juveniles with golden or rusty orange stripes along the body that break into a reticulate pattern and later form small spots that may be lost with age or remain as lines, or lines of spots on head (Ref. 47695, 90102).
在头侧上的金的线; 成鱼的身体 (标本 >50 公分) 平原, 在稚鱼的身体上的图案从线变成一个网状的图案, 然后在最后消失之前的金斑点.(参考文献 2799) 稚鱼斑纹, 消失的斑纹用年龄与逐渐地变成成鱼图案.(参考文献 48635)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabits coastal inshore waters near sheltered reefs, lagoons, sandbanks and seagrass areas, solitarily or in groups (Ref. 47695, 90102). Adults usually on silty reefs at moderate depths, or in current channels occasionally inshore; juveniles enter estuaries and harbors (Ref. 48635). Feeds on small fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 5213). Taken by handline and spear. A common species marketed fresh, a small quantity is salted, good food fish (Ref. 47695).

栖息于在礁与杂草丛生的区域附近的沿岸水域。 (参考文献 30573) 成鱼通常在淤泥的礁上在深度中等之处, 否则在水流峡道中偶然近海; 稚鱼进入河口与港湾。 (参考文献 48635) 吃小鱼与甲壳动物。 (参考文献 5213) 好食用鱼,在市场上销售生鲜地了。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).印度-西太平洋: 紅海南至南非的川斯凱而且東至巴布亞新幾內亞, 北至日本南部, 南至澳洲西部與新南威爾斯.(參考文獻 9710)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 119314)

  不评价 

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22 - 29.1, mean 27.6 (based on 2161 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01698 (0.01006 - 0.02867), b=3.02 (2.87 - 3.17), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.66 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.