You can sponsor this page

Pseudocrenilabrus philander (Weber, 1897)

Southern mouthbrooder
را بارگذاری کني تصاوير و فيلم ها
Pictures | تصوير گوگل
Image of Pseudocrenilabrus philander (Southern mouthbrooder)
Pseudocrenilabrus philander
Picture by Gratwicke, B.

رده بندی / Names اسامي عام | مترادف | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

ماهبان شعاع باله > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Pseudocrenilabrus: Greek, pseudes = false + Latin, crenulatus = cut + Latin, labrum = lip (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Weber.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range بوم شناسي

; آب شيرين موجوداتی که در محدوده وسیعی از آبهای آزاد از نزدیک بستر و یا روی کف بستر، در قسمت های میان آبی تا سطح آب و در برخی گونه ها با قابلیت پرواز، زندگی و تغذیه می کنند.; pH range: 7.0 - ? ; dH range: 12 - ?.   Tropical; 22°C - 25°C (Ref. 2059); 5°S - 35°S

پراكنش كشورها | مناطق سازمان خوار و بار جهاني (FAO) | Ecosystems | ظهور | Point map | معرفي | Faunafri

Africa: from the Orange River system and southern Natal northwards throughout southern Africa, extending to southern Congo basin tributaries (Ref. 7248) and lagoons and rivers associated with Lake Malawi, but not the lake itself (Ref. 55954). Also in Lake Rukwa (Ref. 27292). Three subspecies are recognized: Pseudocrenilabrus philander dispersus, Pseudocrenilabrus philander luebberti and Pseudocrenilabrus philander philander.

Size / Weight / سن

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL جنس نر / بدون خواص جنسي; (Ref. 5682); بيشينه سن گزارش شده: 5 سال ها (Ref. 7248)

توصيف مختصر ريخت شناسي | ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري

شعاع نرم باله مخرجي: 8 - 10. Pectoral fin short and rounded. Caudal fin strongly rounded.

زيست شناسي     واژه نامه (بعنوان مثال epibenthic)

Found in various habitats, from flowing waters to lakes and isolated sinkholes, e.g., Lake Otjikoto, Namibia (see Ref. 27829); usually prefers vegetated zones. Feeds on insects, shrimps and even small fish. Breeds from early spring to late summer; males defend a territory, construct a simple cleared nest and attract ripe females. Eggs are laid in the nest, fertilized and collected by the female. The females withdraws to a nursery to brood the eggs until juvenile stage (Ref. 7248). Ovophilic, agamous maternal mouthbrooder; no pair-bonding takes place (Ref. 52307).

Life cycle and mating behavior بلوغ | تولید مثل | تخم ریزی | تخم ها | Fecundity | توزاد ( لارو)

Female lays batches of eggs on a substratum which the male begins to inseminate. Female collects the eggs almost immediately after laying a batch and incubates eggs in her mouth for 12-14 days at 26°C, releasing the young after which. Parent guards the young for 5-7 days, keeping them into her mouth when approached by predators or divers.

مآخذ اصلی Upload your references | مراجع | هماهنگ كننده : Kullander, Sven O. | همكاران

Skelton, P.H., 1991. Pseudocrenilabrus. p. 394-398. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5682)

وضعيت در فهرست قرمز IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  حداقل نگرانی (LC) ; Date assessed: 28 February 2018

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

خطر برای انسان ها

  Harmless





استفاده انسانی

ماهي گيري – شيلات: ارزش تحاري اندك
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

اطلاعات بيشتر

اسامي عام
مترادف
سوخت و ساز
شکارچیان
سم شناسي بوم زيستي
تولید مثل
بلوغ
تخم ریزی
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
تخم ها
نمو تخم
مراجع
آبزي پروري
نمايه آبزي پروري
نژادها
ژنتيك
تواتر آلل ها
وارث
بيماري ها
فرآوری
Mass conversion
همكاران
عکس ها
Stamps, Coins Misc.
صداها
سيگواترا
سرعت
نوع شناگری
منطقه آبششي
Otoliths
مغزها
بینایی

ابزارها

گزارش های ويژه

بارگيری XML

منابع اينترنتي

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00777 - 0.02136), b=2.96 (2.82 - 3.10), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.60 se; Based on food items.
جهندگی (Ref. 69278):  متوسط, كمينه زمان لازم براي دو برابر شدن جمعيت 4/1 – 4/4 سال (tmax=4.5).
آسيب پذيری (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .
طبقه قيمت (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.