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Parotocinclus arandai Sarmento-Soares, Lehmann, A. & Martins-Pinheiro, 2009

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Parotocinclus arandai
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Siluriformes (Catfish) 鯰形目 (Catfish) > Loricariidae (Armored catfishes) 甲鯰科 (Armored catfishes) > Hypoptopomatinae
Etymology: Parotocinclus: Greek, para in the side of + greek, ous, otis = ear + Greek, kygklos, ou = a fish (Ref. 45335);  arandai: Named for Arion Túlio Aranda in recognition of his talent for catching fish and knowledge of their habits.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 淡水 居於水底的.   

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

South America: tributaries of the middle and upper rio Jucuruçu and upper rio Buranhém in Brazil.

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.3 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 81204)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 1; 背的軟條 (總數): 7; 臀鰭軟條: 6; 脊椎骨: 22. The lack of triangular patch of dark pigmentation at the anterior dorsal-fin base separates this species from all congeners (except Parotocinclus collinsae) of the Guyana Shield, Amazonas and Orinoco basin. Can be distinguished from Parotocinclus collinsae by the absence of the accessory teeth on the premaxilla and dentary. Diagnosed from all congeners of the Atlantic coastal basins of southeastern and eastern Brazil by having the branched rays and interradial membranes of the pectoral and pelvic fins unpigmented in ventral view; the rostral plate not exposed ventrally (except Parotocinclus bahiensis, Parotocinclus spilurus and Parotocinclus prata). Differs from most species of Parotocinclus, except Parotocinclus cristatus and Parotocinclus cesarpintoi, by having a tuft of hypertrophied odontodes on the supraoccipital and extensively naked abdomen in adults, with a mosaic of few rounded platelets of irregular size and distributed over the pre-anal region (except Parotocinclus bahiensis, Parotocinclus minutus, Parotocinclus spilosoma, Parotocinclus cearensis, Parotocinclus cesarpintoi, and Parotocinclus prata). Additional characters useful the identification include: pectoral girdle exposed medial and laterally; plates between anal and caudal fins 10; body depth 16.1-18.6% SL; orbital diameter 14.8-19.3% HL; all paired ribs associated with connective tissues of vertebrae; and abdominal lateral plates 2-4 (Ref. 81204).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Found in clear, shallow waters, with depth of about 0.3 m, in moderate portions of rivers, with sandy or gravel bottom (Ref. 81204).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Fisch-Muller, Sonia | 合作者

Sarmento-Soares, L.M., P. Lehmann A. and R.F. Martins-Pinheiro, 2009. Parotocinclus arandai, a new species of hypoptopomatine catfish (Siluriformes: Loraicariidae) from the upper rios Jucuruçu and Buranhém, States of Bahia and Minas Gerais, Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 7(2):191-198. (Ref. 81204)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 119314)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

 





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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00225 - 0.01343), b=3.11 (2.90 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  2.1   ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 ().
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .