You can sponsor this page

Pseudotolithus elongatus (Bowdich, 1825)

Bobo croaker
مشاهدات خود را اضافه کنيد در Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pseudotolithus elongatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
را بارگذاری کني تصاوير و فيلم ها
Pictures | تصوير گوگل
Image of Pseudotolithus elongatus (Bobo croaker)
Pseudotolithus elongatus
Picture by FAO

رده بندی / Names اسامي عام | مترادف | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

ماهبان شعاع باله > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sciaenidae (Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Pseudotolithus: Greek, pseudes = false + greek, otos = ear + Greek, lithos = stone (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range بوم شناسي

; دريايي; آب شيرين; لب شور نزديك كف زي; تغييرات عمق 0 - 100 m (Ref. 3593), usually 50 - 100 m (Ref. 26999).   Tropical; 17°N - 6°S, 17°W - 14°E (Ref. 54743)

پراكنش كشورها | مناطق سازمان خوار و بار جهاني (FAO) | Ecosystems | ظهور | Point map | معرفي | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: west coast of Africa, from Senegal to at least southern Angola (Ref. 3593, 57396, 81656).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / سن

Maturity: Lm 19.1  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 47.0 cm TL جنس نر / بدون خواص جنسي; (Ref. 5752); common length : 30.0 cm TL جنس نر / بدون خواص جنسي; (Ref. 3593)

توصيف مختصر ريخت شناسي | ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري

خارهاي باله پشتي (کل): 11; شعاع نرم باله پشتي (کل): 29-35; خارهاي باله مخرجي 2; شعاع نرم باله مخرجي: 6 - 7. Diagnosis: medium-sized fish, fusiform/elongate and laterally compressed (Ref. 57396, 81656). Head and snout short (Ref. 57396). Eyes rather large (Ref. 57396, 81656), 3.6-4.6 times in HL, but this character is difficult to use for identification because of allometry (Ref. 81656). Mouth large and oblique (Ref. 57396, 81656), subterminal (Ref. 57396). Maxilla extending beyond posterior eye border (Ref. 81656). Teeth villiform, set in narrow bands in both jaws; 5 marginal pores on snout and 6 mental pores (Ref. 57396). Gill rakers long (Ref. 57396, 81656) and slender (Ref. 57396), longer than gill filaments at angle of first gill arch (Ref. 57396, 81656), 11-16/1/5-8 (total 19-25) on 1st gill arch (Ref. 81656). Lower part of 1st gill arch with 0-5 reduced additional gill rakers, upper part with 0-3 reduced additional ones; preopercular edge denticulate, with a few strong spines in the corner (Ref. 81656). Dorsal fin long, deeply notched (Ref. 57396), with 10 spines in 1st part and 1 spine and 29-35 soft rays in 2nd part (Ref. 81656). 2nd anal fin spine very strong, about as long as 1st soft ray (Ref. 57396, 81656) and comprised less than twice in head length (Ref. 57396). Pectoral fins long, 23.6-29.6% SL (Ref. 81656). Caudal fin more or less pointed (Ref. 57396, 81656) or rhomboidal (Ref. 81656). Scales ctenoid on body, cycloid on breast and head; lateral line extending to hind margin of caudal fin; swim bladder carrot-shaped, its front end with a pair of appendages subdividing into a group of short anterior branches and a bundle of 5-6 slender tubes extending backwards over half the length of swim bladder (Ref. 57396). Coloration: general colour silver-grey with a reddish sheen (Ref. 81656), back olivaceous brown (Ref. 57396) with series of dark dots, belly light, yellowish during reproduction period (Ref. 57396, 81656). Dorsal and caudal fins greyish (Ref. 81656). Spinous part of dorsal fin dark, soft part lighter, with 2-3 longitudinal series of dark dots; pelvics and anal fin yellowish (Ref. 57396, 81656).

زيست شناسي     واژه نامه (بعنوان مثال epibenthic)

Found in coastal waters over mud bottom (Ref. 3593, 57396, 81656), very close to the shore (Ref. 57396). Also enters estuaries and coastal lagoons (Ref. 3593, 81656), where reproduction takes place (Ref. 57396). Moves farther offshore to about 100 m for spawning during rainy season from December to February; feeds on (juvenile) fish, shrimps (Ref. 28587, 81656) and other crustaceans (Ref. 81656).

Life cycle and mating behavior بلوغ | تولید مثل | تخم ریزی | تخم ها | Fecundity | توزاد ( لارو)

مآخذ اصلی Upload your references | مراجع | هماهنگ كننده | همكاران

Chao, L.N. and E. Trewavas, 1990. Sciaenidae. p. 813-826. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3593)

وضعيت در فهرست قرمز IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  حداقل نگرانی (LC) ; Date assessed: 08 July 2014

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

خطر برای انسان ها


استفاده انسانی

ماهي گيري – شيلات: تجاري; ماهي ها ي سرگرم كننده: بله
FAO(ماهي گيري – شيلات: production, نمايه گونه; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

اطلاعات بيشتر

اسامي عام
سوخت و ساز
سم شناسي بوم زيستي
تولید مثل
تخم ریزی
Spawning aggregation
تخم ها
نمو تخم
طول - وزن
طول - طول
نوسانات طولی
ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري
ريخت شناسي
توزاد ( لارو)
پويايي لاروي
آبزي پروري
نمايه آبزي پروري
تواتر آلل ها
بيماري ها
Mass conversion
عکس ها
Stamps, Coins Misc.
نوع شناگری
منطقه آبششي


گزارش های ويژه

بارگيری XML

منابع اينترنتي

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 16.3 - 20.9, mean 19.2 (based on 24 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00676 (0.00385 - 0.01189), b=3.07 (2.92 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.70 se; Based on food items.
جهندگی (Ref. 69278):  متوسط, كمينه زمان لازم براي دو برابر شدن جمعيت 4/1 – 4/4 سال (K=0.27-0.4;).
Prior r = 0.52, 95% CL = 0.34 - 0.78, Based on 3 stock assessments.
آسيب پذيری (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .
طبقه قيمت (Ref. 80766):   High.