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Phycis phycis (Linnaeus, 1766)

Forkbeard
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Phycis phycis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Phycis phycis
Picture by Luquet, D.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Phycidae (Phycid hakes)
Etymology: Phycis: Taken from Greek, phykon = seaweed; because of the habits of this fish that lives hidden among them (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser benthopelagisch; standorttreu; tiefenbereich 13 - 614 m (Ref. 4517), usually 100 - 200 m (Ref. 1371).   Subtropical; 45°N - 13°N, 32°W - 36°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic : Bay of Biscay to Morocco, south to Cape Verde, and including off-lying islands. Also in the Mediterranean and the Azores.

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 65.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 12382); common length : 25.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 1371); max. veröff. Gewicht: 3.9 kg (Ref. 40637)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 0; Afterflossenstacheln 0. Elongated pelvic-fin rays reaching at most to the origin of the anal fin. Body color is brownish-red dorsally, becoming paler ventrally. Vertical fins distally dark, sometimes with a pale margin.

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Found on hard and sandy-muddy bottoms near rocks at 100-650 m, but sometimes taken at greater depths (Ref. 1371). Nocturnal, hiding between rocks during the day (Ref. 1371). Feed on small fish and various invertebrates (Ref. 1371).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 119314)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 02 February 2015

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 13.3 - 16.2, mean 14.9 (based on 84 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6255   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00676 (0.00546 - 0.00838), b=3.13 (3.07 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 69278):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (K=0.19).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Very high.