Pseudocrenilabrus philander (Weber, 1897)
Southern mouthbrooder
Pseudocrenilabrus philander
photo by Gratwicke, B.

Family:  Cichlidae (Cichlids), subfamily: Pseudocrenilabrinae
Max. size:  13 cm TL (male/unsexed); max. reported age: 5 years
Environment:  benthopelagic; pH range: 7; dH range: 12,
Distribution:  Africa: from the Orange River system and southern Natal northwards throughout southern Africa, extending to southern Congo basin tributaries (Ref. 7248) and lagoons and rivers associated with Lake Malawi, but not the lake itself (Ref. 55954). Also in Lake Rukwa (Ref. 27292). Three subspecies are recognized: Pseudocrenilabrus philander dispersus, Pseudocrenilabrus philander luebberti and Pseudocrenilabrus philander philander.
Diagnosis:  Anal soft rays: 8-10. Pectoral fin short and rounded. Caudal fin strongly rounded.
Biology:  Found in various habitats, from flowing waters to lakes and isolated sinkholes, e.g., Lake Otjikoto, Namibia (see Ref. 27829); usually prefers vegetated zones. Feeds on insects, shrimps and even small fish. Breeds from early spring to late summer; males defend a territory, construct a simple cleared nest and attract ripe females. Eggs are laid in the nest, fertilized and collected by the female. The females withdraws to a nursery to brood the eggs until juvenile stage (Ref. 7248). Ovophilic, agamous maternal mouthbrooder; no pair-bonding takes place (Ref. 52307).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 28 February 2018 Ref. (119314)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Teugels, Guy - 16.12.92
Modified by: Musschoot, Tobias - 20.02.18
Checked by: Sa-a, Pascualita - 23.03.94

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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