Coilia brachygnathus Kreyenberg & Pappenheim, 1908
Yangtse grenadier anchovy
Coilia brachygnathus
photo by CAFS

Family:  Engraulidae (Anchovies), subfamily: Coiliinae
Max. size:  35.4 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  pelagic
Distribution:  Asia: Yangtze system (from near the mouth to beyond Tung Ting Lake, thus at least 1000 km up river), perhaps also in the Yellow River, but not in the sea.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 80. Body tapering, belly rounded before pelvic fins, with 18 to 20 + 34 to 36 = 54 or 55 keeled scutes from isthmus to anus. Maxilla short, not reaching to edge of gill cover. Pectoral fin with 6 long filaments and 11 (rarely 12) branched fin rays, longer than those of pelvic fin. Anal fin long, the last fin ray joined to the caudal fin, which is small and pointed.
Biology:  A purely freshwater species occurring in tributaries and associated lakes.
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 17.10.90
Modified by: Reyes, Rodolfo B. - 22.03.18
Checked by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 13.07.94

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