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Hemicaranx amblyrhynchus  (Cuvier, 1833)

Bluntnose jack
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Hemicaranx amblyrhynchus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Hemicaranx amblyrhynchus (Bluntnose jack)
Hemicaranx amblyrhynchus
Picture by NOAA\NMFS\Mississippi Laboratory

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Hemicaranx: Greek, hemi = the half + French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range ? - 50 m (Ref. 9626).   Subtropical; 37°N - 41°S, 98°W - 34°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: North Carolina, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico southward to Florianópolis, Brazil; not found in most parts of the Lesser Antilles (Ref. 9626). Also found in Uruguay (Ref. 54736) and Argentina (Ref. 2806).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26340); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 27; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 23

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults are coastal species. They do not form large schools (Ref. 35237). Juveniles are encountered in brackish estuaries (Ref. 5217), moving to greater depths as it grows, but not deeper than 50 m (Ref. 9626). Eggs are pelagic, spawning occurs generally in summer (Ref. 35237). Marketed fresh (Ref. 9626).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | Collaborators

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.9 - 28, mean 25.6 (based on 474 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.