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Thalassophryne maculosa  Günther, 1861

Cano toadfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Thalassophryne maculosa   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Thalassophryne maculosa (Cano toadfish)
Thalassophryne maculosa
Picture by Kolding, J.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Batrachoidiformes (Toadfishes) > Batrachoididae (Toadfishes) > Thalassophryninae
Etymology: Thalassophryne: Greek, thalassa = the sea + Greek , phryne = toad (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Günther.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 200 m (Ref. 9710).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Central Atlantic: northern coast of South America. The junior synonym, Batrachus uranoscopus, found listed in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species [as Vulnerable B1ab (I,iii) + 2ab (I,iii), based on a 2001assessment] is thus not justified (Ref. 81293).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); common length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3273)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 17-20; Anal soft rays: 16 - 19

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits the sandy bottoms of reef flats, lagoons, and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Partially buried in mud or sand. Wounds from the venomous spines have caused severe pain and illness that persisted as long as one week (Ref. 13442).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Collette, Bruce B. | Collaborators

Collette, B.B., 1966. A review of the venomous toadfishes, subfamily Thalassophryninae. Copeia 1966(4):846-864. (Ref. 30721)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 30721)




Human uses

Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23 - 27.6, mean 26.1 (based on 121 cells; Ref. 115970).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00451 - 0.03059), b=3.07 (2.85 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.