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Xenoclarias eupogon  (Norman, 1928)

Lake Victoria deepwater catfish
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Xenoclarias eupogon

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Clariidae (Airbreathing catfishes)
Etymology: Xenoclarias: Greek, xenos = strange + Latin, clarias, -a, -um = shining (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal; depth range 10 - 79 m (Ref. 104726).   Tropical; 1°N - 3°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: endemic to Lake Victoria, occuring in the deeper waters (Ref. 78218, 104723, 104726).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 104726)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Absence of suprabranchial respiratory organs and reduction of suprabranchial chamber as adaptation to deep-water habitat (Ref. 104723, 104726). Inhabits deeper areas of Lake Victoria (10 to 79 m); mostly found over muddy bottoms, not far from steep, rocky zones where it is believed to breed; sexual maturity is reached at ca. 11 cm SL (Ref. 104726). Entirely insectivorous, with preference of Chironomidae over Chaoboridae larvae (Ref. 1047726), but fish remains have also been found (Ref. 78218). Xenoclarias eupogon is an endemic species of Lake Victoria which is threatened with extinction or has already disappeared due to predation by Nile perch and other recent ecological impacts (Ref. 35948).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Gee, J.M., 1975. The genus Xenoclarias (Pisces, Siluriformes) in Lake Victoria, with a redescription of Xenoclarias eupogon and notes on the biology of the species. J. Zool., Lond., 175:201-217. (Ref. 104726)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .