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Percarina demidoffii  Nordmann, 1840

Percarina
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Percarina demidoffii
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Percidae (Perches) > Percinae
Etymology: Percarina: Greek, perke = perch + Latin, carina = keel shaped, shell (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic.   Temperate, preferred ?; 48°N - 45°N, 30°E - 41°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Northwestern Black Sea basin in estuaries and coastal lakes, Danube, Dniestr, South Bug and Dniepr and their lower reaches.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-13; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 8 - 11; Vertebrae: 33. Distinguished from Percarina maeotica by its unique character of having scaleless cheek. Differs further by the combination of the following characters: body and fin membranes almost transparent; back milky white without dark spots; 8-9 greyish round or irregularly-shaped blotches along base of dorsal fins (Ref. 59043).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in groups in fresh and brackish waters with salinities up to 7 ppt, abundant at depths around 5 m over black mud. Feeds predominantly on benthic invertebrates. Spawns in coastal waters close to river mouths, over mud bottom. Spawning occurs in May-June. More or less abundant in lower reaches of rivers and coastal lagoons but increased salinity resulting from reduced flow in all large rivers, which are now dammed, may pose threat to its population (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 1972. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00484 - 0.02482), b=3.04 (2.85 - 3.23), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.