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Neocyttus rhomboidalis  Gilchrist, 1906

Spiky oreo
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Image of Neocyttus rhomboidalis (Spiky oreo)
Neocyttus rhomboidalis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Zeiformes (Dories) > Oreosomatidae (Oreos) > Oreosomatinae
Etymology: Neocyttus: Greek, neos = new + Greek, kyttaros, kytos = a convex cavity.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 200 - 1240 m (Ref. 6390), usually 450 - 800 m (Ref. 30191).   Deep-water; 23°S - 48°S, 81°W - 176°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southeast Atlantic: off Walvis Bay, Namibia to Cape Province, South Africa. Southwest Atlantic: off Argentina. Eastern Indian Ocean: southern Australia, from about 26°S in Western Australia to Broken Bay (Ref. 7300), New South Wales. Southwest Pacific: New Zealand.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 34.0, range 29 - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30191); max. published weight: 2.0 kg (Ref. 6390); max. reported age: 100 years (Ref. 27140)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 33-35; Anal spines: 3-4; Anal soft rays: 30 - 33. Body grey, fins dark (Ref. 6548).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabit continental slopes (Ref. 9563), forming large shoals over rough ground near pinnacles and canyons (Ref. 6390). Juveniles are pelagic and tend to be dispersed over smooth grounds (Ref. 6390). Feed on salps, fish, crustaceans and squid (Ref. 27230). Eggs float near the surface and larvae also inhabit surface waters (Ref. 6390).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Displays seasonally synchronised reproduction.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaborators

Karrer, C., 1990. Oreosomatidae. p. 637-640. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6545)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
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Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
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Tools

Special reports

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 5 - 9.7, mean 7.8 (based on 131 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5635   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01698 (0.00993 - 0.02906), b=3.01 (2.85 - 3.17), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.53 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (tmax=100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (70 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.