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Telmatochromis bifrenatus  Myers, 1936

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Telmatochromis bifrenatus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Telmatochromis: Greek, telma -atos = swamp + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Myers.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 8.5 - 9.5; dH range: 10 - 15; depth range 5 - 10 m.   Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 13371); 3°S - 9°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Endemic to Lake Tanganyika.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5704)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Is an ideal beginner's fish. Sometimes found as deep as 20 m depth. Always solitary in very clear water. Often seen wandering close to rocks or over coarse sand between rock patches. Omnivorous (Ref. 54948), feeds on microorganisms (Ref. 6770). Forms temporary pair bonds; the male defends the territory while the female takes care of her offspring (Ref. 7343).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Lays up to 80 eggs. A cave-brooder.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Maréchal, C. and M. Poll, 1991. Telmatochromis. p. 474-478. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Checklist of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5704)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .