Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Soleidae
Etymology: Bathysolea: Greek, bathys = deep + Latin, solea = sandal (shoe); refered to the flat shape of the fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range ? - 660 m (Ref. 5304). Deep-water, preferred ?; 16°N - 15°N
Eastern Central Atlantic: known only from the description of the holotype caught near Cape Verde.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5304)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 74;
Vertebrae: 48. Uniformly pale yellowish in color with ctenoid scales on both sides of body; large nearly juxtaposed eyes covered partly with scaly 'eyelids'. Upper eye slightly in advance of lower eye and the snout is short. Teeth small and organized in rows, blind side teeth larger. Gular region distinctly separated by a deep groove from the body. Pectoral fins filamentous.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Desoutter, M., 1990. Soleidae. p. 1037-1049. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 5304)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00502 - 0.02394), b=3.07 (2.88 - 3.26), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax>3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .