Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Pleuronectidae
(Righteye flounders) > Pleuronectinae
Etymology: Clidoderma: Greek, kleidion = the neck of a tunna + Greek, derma = skin (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 15 - 1900 m (Ref. 50550), usually 400 - 600 m (Ref. 51190). Temperate; 1°C - 4°C (Ref. 56457), preferred ?; 26°N - 62°N, 117°E - 122°W (Ref. 101341)
North Pacific: China (Ref. 559, 33837), Japan, and Kuril Islands to Canada and California, USA.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 29 - 31 cm
Max length : 62.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 51190); common length : 42.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 51190); max. published weight: 4.4 kg (Ref. 51190); max. reported age: 15 years (Ref. 51190)
Occurs on mud and sand bottoms (Ref. 9137, 11230).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00614 - 0.01354), b=3.13 (3.01 - 3.25), based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .