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Neoepinnula americana  (Grey, 1953)

American sackfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Neoepinnula americana   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Neoepinnula americana (American sackfish)
Neoepinnula americana
Picture by NOAA\NMFS\Mississippi Laboratory

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gempylidae (Snake mackerels)
Etymology: Neoepinnula: Greek, neos = new + Latin ex = outside + Latin, diminutive of pinna = spiny (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 184 - 457 m (Ref. 6181).   Deep-water, preferred ?; 31°N - 3°N, 94°W - 49°W (Ref. 6181)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: known only from the Gulf of Mexico, Yucatán Channel, Caribbean Sea off Venezuela, off Suriname, and off southern Brazil (Ref. 47377).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6181)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 27; Dorsal soft rays (total): 17-20; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 17 - 20. There are two lateral lines on the sides, both originating above the upper angle of the gill opening. Sometimes the lower lateral line branches off from the second or third tubular scale of the upper lateral line. The sides are silvery, the back brown; the first dorsal fin is blackish, the second dorsal fin black anteriorly; the buccal cavity is pale, and the branchial cavity pale to dusky.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Parin, Nikolay V. | Collaborators

Nakamura, I. and N.V. Parin, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 15. Snake mackerels and cutlassfishes of the world (families Gempylidae and Trichiuridae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the snake mackerels, snoeks, escolars, gemfishes, sackfishes, domine, oilfish, cutlassfishes,. scabbardfishes, hairtails, and frostfishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(15):136 p. (Ref. 6181)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00345 - 0.02099), b=3.00 (2.79 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .