Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Macrouridae
(Grenadiers or rattails) > Macrourinae
Etymology: Coelorinchus: Greek, koilos = a hollow + Greek, rhyngchos = jaw (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; benthopelagic; non-migratory; depth range 180 - 300 m (Ref. 9315). Deep-water, preferred ?; 37°N - 22°N, 123°W - 107°W (Ref. 1371)
Eastern Pacific: southern California and northern Gulf of California; probably also in outer slope waters of Baja California and mainland Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 34.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1371)
Morphology | Morphometrics
spines: 0. Body tapering to a point posteriorly from behind the origin of the first dorsal fin. Head large; the eyes also large; the snout relatively short, its antero-lateral margin incompletely supported by bone, its terminal scute broad, blunt. Head ridges strong but not especially spiny; the underside of the snout, the ventral margins on the suborbital and mandible naked. Light organ large, lens-shaped. Overall color swarthy to grayish; the fins dusky to black; the mouth pallid; the gill cavity blackish, paler inwardly (Ref. 1371). A large, black, naked fossa midventrally on chest; anus at origin of the anal fin. Smooth second dorsal spine at all sizes (Ref. 26798). Branchiostegal rays: 6-6 (Ref. 36385).
Stomach contents reveal the ingestion of shrimps and other crustaceans (Ref. 9315). Oviparous, with planktonic larvae (Ref. 36385).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00302 (0.00129 - 0.00709), b=3.12 (2.93 - 3.31), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.55 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .