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Halichoeres dispilus  (Günther, 1864)

Chameleon wrasse
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Halichoeres dispilus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Halichoeres dispilus (Chameleon wrasse)
Halichoeres dispilus
Male picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Halichoeres: Greek, als, alis = salt + Greek, choiros = pig (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 76 m (Ref. 9311).   Tropical; 32°N -

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Bahiá Independencia, Peru, including the Galapagos Islands (Ref. 5530).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9311)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Solitary (Ref. 5227).Inhabits shallow waters, over rocky or coral reefs separated by sandy areas (Ref. 9311). Feeds on small invertebrates found in the sand (Ref. 9311). Large specimens in the Gulf of California are known to feed on small blennioid fishes (Ref. 28023). Buries itself in the sand when disturbed and at night to sleep (Ref. 9311). Marketed fresh in local markets (Ref. 9311).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Merlen, G., 1988. A field guide to the fishes of Galapagos. Wilmot Books, London, England 60 p. (Ref. 5590)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 19.7 - 28.9, mean 25.9 (based on 96 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00211 - 0.01192), b=3.12 (2.91 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.57 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.