Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Sparidae
Etymology: Diplodus: Greek, diploos = twice + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
Issue on validity of subspecies: subspecies considered as valid in FB, synonymized with the species Diplodus sargus (Linnaeus, 1758) in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. Mar. 2011: Ref. 86697). Please send references, or more studies are needed.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated. Subtropical, preferred ?; 48°N - 15°N, 18°W - 5°W
Eastern Atlantic: Strait of Gibraltar to Cape Verde, Canary Islands, but absent from Cape Verde; northwards to the Bay of Biscay.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 21.6  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2715); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2715); max. reported age: 12 years (Ref. 51001)
Forms schools. Inhabits rocky bottoms down to depths of about 150 m, but especially abundant in the surf zone; young occur in Zostera seagrass beds. Prefers to feed on small crustaceans and mollusks; also takes seaweeds and corals (Ref. 3688).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Characterized as being a digynic hermaphrodite with partial protandry (Ref. 51001).
Bauchot, M.-L., J.-C. Hureau and J.C. Miguel, 1981. Sparidae. In W. Fischer, G. Bianchi and W.B. Scott (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Central Atlantic. (Fishing Areas 34, 47 (in part)). volume 4. [var. pag.] FAO, Rome. (Ref. 2715)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= No PD50 data [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02239 (0.01206 - 0.04155), b=2.94 (2.78 - 3.10), based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tmax=12).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (57 of 100) .