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Diplodus hottentotus  (Smith, 1844)

Zebra
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Diplodus hottentotus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Diplodus: Greek, diploos = twice + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).

Issue
Issue on validity of subspecies: subspecies considered as valid in FB, elevated to species rank as Diplodus hottentotus (Smith, 1844) in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. Mar. 2011: Ref. 86697). Please send references, or more studies are needed.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range ? - 100 m.   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: known only from southern Mozambique and South Africa.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 28.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3507); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3507); max. reported age: 33 years (Ref. 26244)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-14; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 11. Young bright yellow between crossbars.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits coastal waters, mainly on rocky bottoms. Also enters estuaries, which are also used as nursery grounds. Feeds on fish, mollusks, crustaceans, worms, and other organisms. Has a nauseating odor; sold fresh in markets.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Heemstra, P.C. and E. Heemstra, 2004. Coastal fishes of Southern Africa. National Inquiry Service Centre (NISC) and South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity (SAIAB), Grahamstown. 488 p. (Ref. 58304)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
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Ecology
Diet
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Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
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Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
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Processing
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Ciguatera
Speed
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Otoliths
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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00806 - 0.02257), b=3.04 (2.90 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.53 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tm=6; tmax=33).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (56 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.