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Epinephelus posteli  Fourmanoir & Crosnier, 1964

Striped-fin grouper
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Epinephelus posteli   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Epinephelus posteli (Striped-fin grouper)
Epinephelus posteli
Picture by Lowry, M.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Epinephelus: Greek, epinephelos = cloudy (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 20 - 50 m (Ref. 4319).   Subtropical, preferred ?; 25°S - 33°S, 30°E - 46°E (Ref. 5222)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: known only from Madagascar, Natal in South Africa, and southern Mozambique.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4319); max. published weight: 10.0 kg (Ref. 4319)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-16; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 9. Distinguished by the following characteristics: body color dark reddish brown; head and body covered with small, irregular, close-set, dark red or reddish brown spots, pale interspaces forming irregular pale network pattern; 4 narrow, irregular, oblique, pale bars running down and forward on body; paired fins generally darker than body; body depth contained 3.1-3.5 times in SL; body width 1.7-2.0 times in depth; head length 2.3-2.4 times in SL; interorbital width 5.9-6.8 times in HL; concave interorbital area; rounded preopercle, finely serrate, shallow indentation just above angle; upper edge of operculum almost straight; inconspicuous opercular spines; posterior and anterior nostrils subequal; maxilla not reaching past eye; front of upper jaw with a pair of large, curved, fixed canines and a pair of similar but slightly smaller canines at front of lower jaw; lateral part of lower jaws with an outer row of 8-9 slightly smaller fixed canines and an inner row of smaller , more slender depressible teeth (Ref. 89707).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Appears to be a rare species, but it is of some importance to South African sport fishers along the northern coast of Natal. Coral reef-associated species inhabiting depths of 20-50 m (Ref. 89707). Feeds on fishes and invertebrates (Ref. 89707). Testes of a 61 cm SL specimen contained a central lumen and numerous 'brown bodies' along the lateral edges of the gonadal lamellae.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaborators

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00550 - 0.02289), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (64 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.