Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 29 m (Ref. 86942). Tropical, preferred ?; 19°N - 20°S
Eastern Indian Ocean (Western Thailand) to the Pacific Ocean (Caroline Islands, and Fiji).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1602)
soft rays: 7 - 8. This species is distinguished by the following characters: cephalic sensory-canal pore system lacking only the IT pore (pattern 2); branched pectoral-fin rays; dorsal/anal-fin formula 9/8; the fifth pelvic-fin ray is 10-20% of fourth ray; absence of postocular spot; without dark spot on preural centrum area nor prominent dark spots on pectoral-fin base; caudal fin with strong scattered well-spaced dark spots (Ref. 107299).
Solitary on coral, rubble and algae. Inhabits sheltered reefs in 1-20 m (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00270 - 0.01286), b=3.10 (2.92 - 3.28), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .