Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 35 m (Ref. 86942). Tropical, preferred ?; 7°N - 11°S
Western Pacific: Christmas Island and Western Australia in the eastern Indian Ocean to Tonga (Ref. 53797), north to the Ryukyu Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1602)
soft rays: 8 - 9. Characterized by semi-transparent body with 6-7 broad brown bars or blotches on side; head with white marks dorsally; longitudinal scale series 23-25; ctenoid scales, absent on head, nape, chest and pectoral fin base; separated pelvic fins, thin membrane joining bases; 7-11 branches of fourth pelvic ray; depth of body 4.5-5.0 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Occurs from less than 5 to between 8 and 24 m. Solitary, rests on bottom. Inhabits exposed coastal reefs and outer slopes (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00270 - 0.01286), b=3.10 (2.92 - 3.28), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .