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Macrourus carinatus  (Günther, 1878)

Ridge scaled rattail
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Image of Macrourus carinatus (Ridge scaled rattail)
Macrourus carinatus
Picture by Reyes, P.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Macrouridae (Grenadiers or rattails) > Macrourinae
Etymology: Macrourus: Greek, makroura = great tail (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; non-migratory; depth range 200 - 1200 m, usually 500 - 800 m (Ref. 1371).   Deep-water; 34°S - 65°S, 180°W - 180°E (Ref. 1371)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southern Atlantic, Indian and Pacific: Subantarctic to temperate waters on both sides of South America, Falkland Islands, Discovery Tablemount and Meteor Seamount, South Africa, off Crozet and Prince Edward Islands, and off New Zealand and Macquarie Island.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 55 - 60 cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1371); max. reported age: 19 years (Ref. 7059)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 2; Anal spines: 0. Head short, its underside moderately to extensively scaled, but sometimes only a file or narrow band of small scales is present below the suborbital and preopercular ridges and posteriorly on lower jaw. Eyes relatively large. Snout short, moderately pointed, with small naked patches on dorsal surface behind leading edges. Pyloric caeca 13 to 21. Overall color is medium brown to somewhat straw color; fins darker, blackish in some; the dorsal and pelvic fins darker distally; oral cavity lining dark gray or brown.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A benthic species found on the continental slope (Ref. 75154). This species is being imported and sold to the United States by the Argentines under the name grenadero (Ref. 5171).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Iwamoto, Tomio | Collaborators

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
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Ecology
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Common names
Synonyms
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Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
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Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
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Ciguatera
Speed
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 3.2 - 8.1, mean 6.7 (based on 164 cells; Ref. 115970).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00219 (0.00097 - 0.00495), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.49 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tmax=19).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.