Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Chilochromis: Greek, cheilos = lip + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335). More on author: Boulenger.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical, preferred ?; 0°S - 8°S
Africa: Chiloango basin (Cabinda Province of Angola and Democratic Republic of the Congo), Kouilou-Niari and lower Loeme (Republic of Congo), and the Nyanga basin and upper Ngounie River (Ogooué system) in Gabon (Ref. 81260).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81260)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 16 - 18;
soft rays: 5 - 9. Diagnosis: snout protuberant; mouth inferior, bearing numerous rows of extremely fine, comb-like, spatulate teeth on both oral jaws; upper lip broad and thick, with a distinctive lip crease (Ref. 81260).
Feeds primarily on aquatic vegetation (mostly algae) but also minor quantities of small insects; typical substratum spawner; aggressive species in captivity (Ref. 52307).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lamboj, A., 2004. The Cichlid Fishes of Western Africa. Birgit Schmettkamp Verlag, Bornheim, Germany. 255 p. (Ref. 52307)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00693 - 0.03157), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.27 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming Fec<1000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .