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Caecieleotris morrisi  Walsh & Chakrabarty, 2016

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Caecieleotris morrisi
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Eleotridae (Sleepers) > Eleotrinae
Etymology: morrisi: Named for Thomas L. Morris, discoverer and collector of this new species, renowned cave diver and speleobiologist, intrepid explorer, and respected conservationist devoted to the protection of karst habitats and their associated biotas.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Central America: known from only a single cave system beneath Presa Miguel Alemán reservoir, northern State of Oaxaca, Mexico.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 109339)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 6 - 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7-8; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 6 - 10; Vertebrae: 24 - 25. Caecieleotris morrisi is distinguished from the majority of other sleepers, and all epigean forms in the Western Atlantic, by the absence of eyes and pigmentation. This species is provisionally placed in the Gobiiformes, family Eleotridae, based on a limited number of characters that it shares with other members of the family as currently recognized, e.g., having a mode of six branchiostegals, pelvic fins separated at the base, and procurrent cartilages of the caudal fin elongated posteriorly and extended over the epurals. It differs from the cave-dwelling Bostrychus microphthalmus from Sulawesi by the absence of eyes (vs. present, minute, covered by skin), complete lack of pigmentation (vs. body pale, few melanophores on dorsum), absence of scales on operculum and side of head (vs. present), lower lateral scale count (?32 vs. ?102), fewer transverse scale rows on midside of body (?6 vs. ?31), and absence of pores associated with the cephalic lateralis system (vs. present). It can be diagnosed from the blind species of Oxyeleotris from Indonesia (O. colasi) and Papua New Guinea (O. caeca) in lacking sensory pores on the head associated with the cephalic lateralis system (vs. cephalic sensory pores present, although reduced in comparison to other gobiiform fishes). It differs from the cave species of Typhleotris from Madagascar (T. madagascariensis, T. mararybe, and T. pauliani) in having the head asquamate (vs. scales extending anteriorly onto the head), squamation absent on the venter (vs. fully scaled on the belly as well as laterally below the pectoral fin), scales embedded (especially on anterior half of body) and hard to discern (vs. in prominent rows on the surface of the body and head). Cave-dwelling species of the genus Milyeringa from western Australia have elements of the first dorsal fin reduced (spines II-IV in M. veritas) to absent (M. justitia), versus V-VI in Caecieleotris morrisi; and also have 4-5 total lepidotrichia (first unsegmented) in the pelvic fin, versus six in Caecieleotris morrisi (Ref. 109339).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A cave inhabitant. The cave entrance at the type locality lies at about 6.1 m deep beneath a rocky bluff along the shoreline of the lake. Immediately within the cave, the depth drops to about 27.4 m before rising to a depth close to 12.2 m where it then levels off. Flowstone (sheet-like mineral deposits typically consisting of calcite) was observed in the cave (Ref. 109339).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Walsh, S.J. and P. Chakrabarty, 2016. A new genus and species of blind sleeper (Teleostei: Eleotridae) from Oaxaca, Mexico: First obligate cave Gobiiform in the Western hemisphere. Copeia 104(2):506-517. (Ref. 109339)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00238 - 0.01459), b=3.16 (2.95 - 3.37), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .