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Galaxias fuscus  Mack, 1936

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Galaxias fuscus
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osmeriformes (Smelts) > Galaxiidae (Galaxiids) > Galaxiinae
Etymology: Galaxias: Greek, galaxias, ou = a kind of fish (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; non-migratory (Ref. 98815).   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Oceania: endemic to the Goulburn River system in central Victoria, Australia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 98815); max. reported age: 15 years (Ref. 98815)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Galaxias fuscus is distinguished from all its congeners within the Galaxias olidus complex by a combination of the following characters: overall color ranging from dull to moderately bright orange, yellow-orange to reddish orange; body pattern generally absent except sides of trunk with a series of large, distinctive, dark bars surrounded by halos present, generally centered on the lateral line, relatively widely spaced and extending from above the pectoral fin base to above the pelvic fin base, very rarely faint blotches also on dorsal surface; dorsal surface of trunk broadly flattened anteriorly from above pelvic fin bases; caudal peduncle very deep (7.2-10.4 % SL); long caudal fin (12.1-19.2 % SL), much longer than caudal peduncle; long anal fin (14.2-18.6 % SL); large pectoral and pelvic fins (11.4-17.6 and 9.5-16.2 % SL, respectively); pelvic fins set far back (prepelvic length 53.4 % SL); large bulbous head, length 21.0-26.7 % SL and longer than pelvic fin to anal fin length, relatively wide and deep (56.7-75.6 and 35.5-53.3 % HL); nostrils short, not visible from ventral view; mouth large, with long upper and lower jaws (33.9-46.7 and 30.2-43.6 % HL respectively) and wide gape (34.3-53.9 % HL); most posterior extent of mouth about 0.8 ED below ventral margin of eye; 0-1 pyloric caecae, short (1.0 % SL) when present; and anal fin origin usually under 0.78 distance posteriorly along dorsal fin base (Ref. 98815).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs together with Galaxias olidus at one site (Raspberry Creek, Woods Point) though considered to have been sympatric with other populations before alien trout severely fragmented populations and substantially altered distributional patterns. Considered to have been historically sympatric with Galaxias arcanus and very possibly with Galaxias oliros at the very downstream extent of its range. Inhabits small to medium-sized (0.7-11.0 m average width), moderately to fast flowing, steep gradient, shallow (0.1-0.4 m average depth), creeks and rivers, all typically cool to cold. Stream substrate is composed of bedrock, boulder, cobble, with smaller amounts of pebble, gravel and sand. Streams are usually well shaded by dense overhanging riparian vegetation. Instream habitat usually has accumulations of large and small timber debris, rocks and tree roots in undercut banks. Forages off the bottom and mid water in pools and at the end of riffle/glide sections and feeds mostly on aquatic and terrestrial insects. Spawns from late September to early October, though males can be running ripe from about April, and females ripe from mid-June. Adults may live to around 15 years of age (Ref. 98815).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Berra, Tim M. | Collaborators

Raadik, T.A., 2014. Fifteen from one: a revision of the Galaxias olidus Günther, 1866 complex (Teleostei, Galaxiidae) in south-eastern Australia recognises three previously described taxa and describes 12 new species. Zootaxa 3898(1):001-198. (Ref. 98815)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .