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Urogymnus acanthobothrium  Last, White & Kyne, 2016

Mumburarr whipray
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Urogymnus acanthobothrium
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Dasyatidae (Stingrays)
Etymology: Urogymnus: Greek, oura = tail + Greek, gymnos = naked (Ref. 45335);  acanthobothrium: Named for the cestode parasites (genus Acanthobothrium) found in this species; noun in apposition.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; benthopelagic; depth range 2 - 20 m (Ref. 110274).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: western Australia and Papua New Guinea.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 103 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 110274); 161.0 cm WD (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: elongate disc suboval with the snout tip to axis of maximum width 53% DW; anterior disc margin not truncated, it is almost straight with lateral apices broadly rounded; preorbital snout broadly angular, its angle 114° and with a very small apical lobe; preorbit long, its length 26% TL, 2.1 times interorbital length; orbits are small and protruded slightly; spiracle is very large, 8.6% DW, 1.9 in orbit diameter; internasal distance is 2.0 in prenasal length, 2.8 times nostril length; preoral snout length is 2.6 times mouth width, 2.5 times internarial distance; caudal sting very large with its length more than a 30% DW; mid-scapular denticles are very small and inconspicuous; secondary denticles are very small, rather widely spaced, band delimited but margin not sharply defined, band truncate forward of eye; presence of minute upright tertiary denticles, barely visible; with a low and short-based ventral tail fold; dorsal disc colour is variable, juveniles plain dark greyish brown to yellowish brown, while in adults very finely and faintly mottled greyish white to yellowish brown; its ventral surface is largely white, posterior disc without regular dark margins; tail beyond sting white in young, while in adults it is unknown but possibly paler than anterior tail; propterygial radials 66, 3 times the number of mesopterygial radials; 151 total vertebral segments (excluding synarcual) (Ref. 110274).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Juveniles were recorded from lower reaches of rivers at depths of 2.2-8.7 m; salinity 14.6-33.1; turbidity 367->1000 NTU. Subadult specimens were from depths of 10-20 m. An adult female (161.0 cm DW, 174.0 cm disc length) aborted a late embryo which was estimated to be ca. 26.5 cm DW on capture. Juveniles (5) measured 39.o - 67.2 cm DW, 43.0-72.0 cm DL, while a late adolescent male measured 103.0 cm DW, This stingray could be traditionally hunted for food and the caudal sting can be used as a traditional knife. (Ref. 110274).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : McEachran, John | Collaborators

Last, P.R., W.T. White and P.M. Kyne, 2016. Urogymnus acanthobothrium sp. nov., a new euryhaline whipray (Myliobatiformes: Dasyatidae) from Australia and Papua New Guinea. Zootaxa 4147(2):162-176. (Ref. 110274)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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FAO areas
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Ecology
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Common names
Synonyms
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Predators
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Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
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Ciguatera
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .