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Xenurolebias cricarensis  Costa, 2014

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Xenurolebias cricarensis
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Rivulidae (Rivulines)
Etymology: cricarensis: The specific name cricarensis is a reference to the occurrence of the new species in the Cricaré river basin, the former native name for the present day São Mateus River.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: São Mateus river basin in Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 96072); 2.8 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-18; Anal soft rays: 20 - 23; Vertebrae: 28. Xenurolebias cricarensis can be diagnosed from X. myersi and X. pataxo by having dark reddish brown bars on the caudal fin slightly contrasting with lighter interspaces in males (vs. strongly contrasting); from X. izecksohni in having a deeper head in males (head depth 85.6-92.8% of head length vs. 81.2-85.0%), a longer lower jaw in males (22.0-25.0% of head length vs. 18.6-20.9%), a deeper body in larger males (above 31 mm SL) (body depth 30.7-33.9% SL, vs. 27.1-27.5% SL), and dorsal and anal-fin filaments reaching between the base and middle of the caudal fin in males (vs. reaching posterior portion of the caudal fin). It can be further distinguished from X. myersi by having the caudal fin lanceolate in larger males, with a pronounced posterior tip (vs. sub-lanceolate, never forming a distinctive tip posteriorly) and more dark brown bars on the caudal fin in males (7-10 vs. 4-6); and from X. pataxo by having 1-5 black spots on the posterior part of the caudal peduncle in females (vs. absence) (Ref. 96072).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in a temporary swamp. A portion of the swamp is located in the border of a small forest fragment, and a part extending to an area without trees but densely occupied by the cattail Typha domingensis (Ref. 96072).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Costa, Wilson J.E.M. | Collaborators

Costa, W.J.E.M. and P.F. Amorim, 2014. Integrative taxonomy and conservation of seasonal killifishes, Xenurolebias (Teleostei: Rivulidae), and the Brazilian Atlantic forest. Systematic and Biodiversity (Ref. 96072)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00397 - 0.01999), b=3.14 (2.94 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .