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Melanotaenia picta  Allen, Hadiaty, Unmack & Erdmann, 2015

Painted rainbowfish
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Melanotaenia picta
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Atheriniformes (Silversides) > Melanotaeniidae (Rainbowfishes, blue eyes)
Etymology: Melanotaenia: Greek, melan, -anos = black + latin, taenia = stripe (Ref. 45335);  picta: From the Latin 'picta', meaning painted, in reference to its beautiful color pattern.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Mareremar River system in Kobroor Island, Aru Islands, Indonesia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 110723); 7.9 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 5 - 6; Dorsal soft rays (total): 114; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 19 - 23. This species can be diagnosed by the following combination of characters: V-VI-I,11-14 dorsal-fin rays; I,19-23 anal-fin rays; 13-16 (usually 14) pectoral-fin rays; 35-36 scales on lateral line, 16-19 predorsal scales; 16-22 (usually > 20) cheek scales; 15-19 total gill rakers on first arch; greatest body depth of adult male 33.9 % SL; color in life generally shades of blue green to blue with metallic reflections and indication of darker blue mid-lateral stripe, most prominent on caudal peduncle where edged below with relatively broad white stripe; in situ color pattern composed of brilliant golden reflections especially conspicuous on each side of midlateral region on side of body and caudal peduncle; and reddish to yellow highlights on dorsal, anal, and caudal fins (Ref. 110723).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occupies habitat considered among the most scenic freshwater environments found at the Aru Islands, consisting of small, rainforest brooks with quiet pools interspersed with cascades to 3-4 m high. The habitat has excellent water clarity and stream channels composed of relatively smooth limestone with minimal aquatic vegetation, but abundant shelter for fishes in the form of log snags (Ref. 110723).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Allen, G.R., R.K. Hadiaty, P.J. Unmack and M.V. Erdmann, 2015. Rainbowfishes (Melanotaenia: Melanotaeniidae) of the Aru Islands, Indonesia with descriptions of five new species and redescription of M. patoti Weber and M. senckenbergianus Weber. Aqua Int. J. Ichthyol. 21(2):66-108. (Ref. 110723)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

More information

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .