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Melanotaenia aruensis  Allen, Hadiaty, Unmack & Erdmann, 2015

Aru rainbowfish
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Melanotaenia aruensis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Atheriniformes (Silversides) > Melanotaeniidae (Rainbowfishes, blue eyes)
Etymology: Melanotaenia: Greek, melan, -anos = black + latin, taenia = stripe (Ref. 45335);  aruensis: Named for its tye locality, Aru Islands.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 8.0 - ?.   Tropical; 27°C - ? (Ref. 110723)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Trangan Island and Kobroor Island in Aru Islands, Indonesia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 110723); 6.9 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 5 - 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-13; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 20 - 23. Melanotaenia aruensis is distinguished by the following combination of characters: V to VII-I,10-13 dorsal-fin rays; I,20-23 anal-fin rays; 14-15 pectoral-fin rays; 34-36 scales on lateral line, 15-18 predorsal scales; 13-19 cheek scales; 17-18 total gill rakers on first arch; greatest body depth of adult male 35.1 % SL; least depth of caudal peduncle 9.5-11.1 % SL; colour in life grey-brown dorsally on head, nape, and adjacent anterodorsal portion of body; posterior two-thirds of upper half of body bluish grey with narrow bronze margin around each scale and bronze stripe between each horizontal scale row; dorsal and caudal fins semitranslucent grey, second dorsal fin with relatively broad whitish margin (Ref. 110723).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

The type locality on Trangan Island lies in a luxuriant rainforest on the downstream side of a spectacular 75 m-long limestone tunnel. The stream has about 10-12 m width, 0.5-2.0 m depth and relatively clear and slow-flowing water with a rocky limestone bottom and abundant cover mainly in the form of submerged fallen tree limbs. Another location on Kobroor Island where the species occurs is also lined by luxuriant forest and has 15-20 m width, 1-3 m depth, and clear and slow flowing water. The margins of the channel are composed of abundant, partially submerged terrestrial plants, which offered abundant shelter for small fishes (Ref. 110723).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Allen, G.R., R.K. Hadiaty, P.J. Unmack and M.V. Erdmann, 2015. Rainbowfishes (Melanotaenia: Melanotaeniidae) of the Aru Islands, Indonesia with descriptions of five new species and redescription of M. patoti Weber and M. senckenbergianus Weber. Aqua Int. J. Ichthyol. 21(2):66-108. (Ref. 110723)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .