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Etmopterus benchleyi  Vásquez, Ebert & Long, 2015

Ninja lanternshark
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Etmopterus benchleyi   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Etmopterus benchleyi
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Etmopteridae (Lantern sharks)
Etymology: Etmopterus: Greek, ethmos, -ou = sieve or ethmoides bone + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335);  benchleyi: Named for Peter Benchley, author of the movie Jaws and subsequently an avid shark conservationist.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range 836 - 1443 m (Ref. 106129).   Deep-water; 13°N - 6°N, 89°W - 80°W (Ref. 106129)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific Ocean: from Nicaragua south to Panama.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 106129); 51.5 cm TL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This moderately large species is distinguished by the following set of characters: short snout with pre-narial length 2.9% TL (2.9-4.0%) and pre-oral length 7.8% TL (6.9-9.0%); broad mouth strongly arched, width 1.2 (1.0-1.5) times into pre-oral length; dentition show strong disjunct dignathic heterodonty with upper teeth comprised of single median cusp, flanked by 1-2 pairs of lateral cusplets, where lower teeth with low, distally-inclined cusps lacking serrations and a low posterior blade; dermal denticles are short, slender, with slightly hook-like conical crowns; denticles below second dorsal fin in irregular patch densities and align into rows along the ceratotrichia of the fins; denticles dense around the eyes and gill openings, sparse to bare on ventrum of snout tip and around mouth; first and dorsal fins similar in size; the second-dorsal-fin spine 1.7 (1.6-2.3) times longer than first-dorsal-fin spine; the second-dorsal-fin spine height greater than second-dorsal-fin apex; interdorsal-fin space is moderately long, 23.1% TL (19.2-21.4%); body color uniformly black, the anteroposteriorly oblong narrow pineal window apparent (Ref. 106129)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

The larger individuals of this species were collected at greater depth than smaller specimens, suggesting a positive relationship between size and depth, as has been observed in E. princeps. The largest paratype (51.5 cm TL) contains five ova ranging from 25.6 to 34.2 mm, with no embryos apparent. The immature male paratype has claspers at the earliest stage of development, suggesting that maturity for males is attained at a greater size. Viviparous with litter sizes apparently consist of at least 5 pups with post-partum lengths less than 177 mm TL (Ref. 106129).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Vásquez, V.E., Ebert. D.A. and D.J. Long, 2015. Etmopterus benchleyi n. sp., a new lanternshark (Squaliformes: Etmopteridae) from the central eastern Pacific Ocean. J. Ocean Sci. Foundation 17:43-55. (Ref. 106129)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 3.3 - 3.5, mean 3.4 (based on 6 cells; Ref. 115970).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00347 (0.00155 - 0.00774), b=3.10 (2.90 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .