Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Rivulidae
Etymology: Cynolebias: Greek, kyon = dog + Greek, odous = teeth + Greek, lebias = a kind of small fish (Ref. 45335); oticus: From the Greek adjective oticus, meaning relative to ear, in reference to the continuous otic and post-otic series of neuromasts, which is diagnostic for this species.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical, preferred ?
South America: Verde river drainage, São Francisco River basin in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 97357); 7.1 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 18 - 21;
Vertebrae: 35 - 36. Cynolebias oticus can be diagnosed from all species of the C. perforatus group by having the otic and post-otic series of neuromasts often united, in close proximity when not united (vs. separated by interspace) and dorsal profile of the head always concave (vs. not concave at least in larger males above 7 cm SL (Ref. 97357).
Occurs in temporary pools of the Verde river drainage, near the village of Pindaí. The region has been highly deforested in recent years, resulting to the extinction of some seasonal killifishes (Cynolebias gilbertoi, C. leptocephalus, Hypsolebias fulminantis) previously inhabiting the area. C. oticus can still be easily found in the area even under such condition (Ref. 97357).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Costa, W.J.E.M., 2014. Six new species of seasonal killifishes of the genus Cynolebias from the São Francisco river basin, Brazilian Caatinga, with notes on C. porosus (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 25(1):79-96. (Ref. 97357)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00360 - 0.02311), b=3.08 (2.86 - 3.30), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .