Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Rivulidae
Etymology: Cynolebias: Greek, kyon = dog + Greek, odous = teeth + Greek, lebias = a kind of small fish (Ref. 45335); obscurus: From the Latin adjective obscurus, meaning dark, in reference to the predominant dark grey coloration in males of this species.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical, preferred ?
South America: Paramirim River drainage, São Francisco River basin in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 97357); 3.9 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 19 - 22;
Vertebrae: 34 - 35. Cynolebias obscurus differs from all other species of the C. porosus group by the possession of the following characters: distal portion of anal-fin rays grey in males (vs. red); white dots concentrated on middle of flank in males (vs. about equally arranged in the whole flank); basihyal width about 50-55% of length (vs. about 65-70%); ventral process of autopalatine absent (vs. present) (Ref. 97357).
Occurs in vestigial small pools, measuring about 3 m wide and extending close and parallel to the road for about 1 km. The whole area around the pool is composed of plantation, without any vestige of the original habitat. Sympatric with Hypsolebias macaubensis (Ref. 97357).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Costa, W.J.E.M., 2014. Six new species of seasonal killifishes of the genus Cynolebias from the São Francisco river basin, Brazilian Caatinga, with notes on C. porosus (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 25(1):79-96. (Ref. 97357)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00358 - 0.02321), b=3.08 (2.86 - 3.30), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .