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Hemibrycon sanjuanensis  Román-Valencia, Ruiz-C., Taphorn & García-Alzate, 2014

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Hemibrycon sanjuanensis
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Characidae (Characins) > Stevardiinae
Etymology: Hemibrycon: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, bryko = to bite (Ref. 45335);  sanjuanensis: Named for the San Juan River Basin, where the type series was collected.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.3 - 7.7; depth range 0 - 3 m (Ref. 98056).   Tropical; 17°C - 22°C (Ref. 98056)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: upper San Juan River Basin, Tatamá River drainage in Colombia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 98056)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11; Vertebrae: 39 - 41. Hemibrycon sanjuanensis can be distinguished from H. boquiae, H. brevispini, H. cairoense, H. colombianus, H. mikrostiktos, H. metae, H. palomae, H. rafaelense and H. tridens by having a circular or oblong humeral spot located two scales posterior to the opercle (vs. 3-4 scales in H. palomae, H. rafaelense, H. brevispini and H. cairoense, and 0-1 scales in H. metae and H. boquiae). It further differs from H. colombianus in having a round or oblong humeral spot (vs. rectangular). It can be diagnosed from H. beni, H. dariensis, H. divisorensis, H. helleri, H. huambonicus, H. inambari, H. jabonero, H. jelskii, H. mikrostiktos, H. polyodon, H. quindos, H. raqueliae, H. santamartae, H. surinamensis, H. taeniurus, H. tridens and H. yacopiae by the presence of melanophores on the posterior margins of the scales all along the sides of body (vs. absence of melanophores from margins of scales along entire length of sides of body). It is further distinguished from all congeners mentioned above by having the following characters: a wide, concave pelvicbone (vs. narrow and straight); middle part of the dorsal margin of the orbitosphenoid bone flattened and not in contact with frontal (vs. dorsal margin straight and in contact with frontal); ventral tip of supracleithrum bifurcate (vs. not bifurcate); six teeth in the outer premaxillary row arranged in a straight line (vs. five or fewer teeth in outer premaxillary row and not arranged in straight line, except H. cairoense with two to six teeth in the outer premaxillary row) (Ref. 98056).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in streams characterized by relatively rapid water running over rocky and sandy substrates with high transparency. Occurs syntopically with Bryconamericus emperador, Astroblepus sp., Pimelodella sp. and Characidium sp. Feeds on adult and larval insects, nematodes, isopods, and unidentified arthropod fragments. The presence of autochthonous and some allochthonous items in the guts suggests that this species is insectivorous with considerable plasticity in its diet (Ref. 98056).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Román-Valencia, C., R.I. Ruiz-C., D.C. Taphorn and C.A. García-Alzate, 2014. A new species of Hemibrycon (Characiformes, Characidae) from the upper San Juan River drainage, Pacific versant, Colombia. ZooKeys 454:109-125. (Ref. 98056)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

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BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00529 - 0.02861), b=2.97 (2.77 - 3.17), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .